The Meaning of Al-Fatiha


The Meaning of Al-Fatiha

{ بِسمِ ٱلله الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيـمِ }

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
 
{ ٱلْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ }

And on his authority it is related that Ibn ‘Abbas said, regarding the saying of Allah, Exalted is He, (Praise be to Allah): ‘He says: laudation is Allah’s in that He is kind towards His created beings and, hence, they praise Him. It is also said that laudation is Allah’s because of His excessive blessings upon His servants whom He has guided to believe in Him. It is also said: laudation, absolute unity and godhood all belong to Allah Who has neither progeny, partner, helper nor an assistant. (Lord of the worlds): Lord of any that has a spirit and walks about on the face of the earth and also of the dwellers of heaven. It is also said that this means: the Master of the jinn and human beings. It is also said that (Lord of the worlds) means the Creator of all created beings, their Provider and the One Who changes them from one state into another.
 
{ ٱلرَّحْمـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ }

(The Beneficent) the Gentle. (The Merciful) the Gentle.
 
{ مَـٰلِكِ يَوْمِ ٱلدِّينِ }

(Owner of the Day of Judgement) the Arbitrator on the Day of Judgement which is the Day of Reckoning and settlement of disputes between created beings, i.e. the Day when people are judged according to their deeds; there is no judge save Him.
 
{ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ }

(Thee (alone) we worship), we turn to you as the only One God and we obey you; ((Thee alone) we ask for help), we ask for your help in worshipping You and from You we obtain confidence in obeying You.
 
{ ٱهْدِنَا ٱلصِّرَاطَ ٱلْمُسْتَقِيمَ }

(Guide us to the straight path) guide us to the established Religion that You are pleased with, i.e. Islam. It is also said that this means: make us firm in holding fast to it. It is also said that the straight path refers to Allah’s Book, and guidance to this means guidance to that which it prescribes as lawful or unlawful and to the exposition of its content.
 
{ صِرَاطَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ ٱلْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِم وَلاَ ٱلضَّآلِّينَ }

(The path of those whom Thou hast favoured), the Religion of those whom You have blessed with the Religion and who are the followers of Moses, before the blessings of Allah deserted them, in that He shaded them with a white cloud and sent down on them honey and quails when they were in the wilderness. It is also said that (the path of those whom Thou hast favoured) refers to the prophets. (Not of those who earn Thine anger), not the religion of the Jews who earned Your anger, whom You forsook and whose hearts You did not protect until they became complaisant. (Nor of those who go astray), nor the religion of the Christians who erred from Islam. Amen: thus shall be its custodians; it is also said that Amen means let it be so. It is also said that it means: O our Lord! Do with us as we have requested You. And Allah knows best’.

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