Hazrat Junayd al-Baghdadi


Abu al-Qasim ibn Muhammad Junayd, al-Baghdadi [d.298H/910CE] alayhi al-rahmah wa’l ridwan

Al-Junayd ibn Muhammad ibn al-Junayd, Abu al-Qasim al-Qawariri al-Khazzaz al-Nahawandi al-Baghdadi al-Shafi’i (d. 298). The Imam of the World in his time, shaykh of the Sufis and “Diadem of the Knowers,” he accompanied his maternal uncle SARI AL SAQATI, al-Harith al-Muhasibi, and others. Abu Sahl al-Su’luki narrates that as a boy al-Junayd heard his uncle being asked about thankfulness, whereupon he said: “It is to not use His favours for the purpose of disobeying Him.” He took fiqh from Abu Thawr – in whose circle he would give fatwas at twenty years of age – and, it was also said, from Sufyan al-Thawri.


He once said:

“Allah did not bring out a single science on earth accessible to people except he gave me a share in its knowledge.”

He used to go to the market every day, open his shop, and commence praying four hundred rak’as until closing time.  Other hallmarks are an emphasis on constant ritual purity & fasting. Taught that the goal of Tasawwuf was not loss of self but the return to daily life transformed by a vision of Allah through the loss of self & constant remembrance of Allah’s presence. Devoted to fulfillment of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala’s will as expressed in the Qur’an al kareem & Sunnah.

Among his sayings about the Sufi Path:

“Whoever does not memorize the Qur’an and write hadith is not fit to be followed in this matter. For our science is controlled by the Book and the Sunna.”


To Ibn Kullab who was asking him about tasawwuf he replied:


“Our madhhab is the singling out of the pre-eternal from the contingent, the desertion of human brotherhood and homes, and obliviousness to past and future.” Ibn Kullab said: “This kind of speech cannot be debated.” His student Abu al-‘Abbas ibn Surayj would say, whenever he defeated his adversaries in debate: “This is from the blessing of my sittings with al-Junayd.”

AL-QUSHAYRI relates from al-Junayd the following definitions of tasawwuf:

* “Not the profusion of prayer and fasting, but wholeness of the breast and selflessness.”1

* “Tasawwuf means that Allah causes you to die to your self and gives you life in Him.”

* “It means that you be solely with Allah with no attachments.”

* “It is a war in which there is no peace.”

* “It is supplication together with inward concentration, ecstasy together with attentive hearing, and action combined with compliance [with the Sunna].”

* “It is the upholding of every high manner and the repudiation of every low one.”

 

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