Abu al-Qasim ibn Muhammad Junayd, al-Baghdadi [d.298H/910CE] ‘alayhi al-rahmah wa’l ridwan
Al-Junayd ibn Muhammad ibn al-Junayd, Abu al-Qasim al-Qawariri al-Khazzaz al-Nahawandi al-Baghdadi al-Shafi’i (d. 298). The Imam of the World in his time, shaykh of the Sufis and “Diadem of the Knowers,” he accompanied his maternal uncle SARI AL SAQATI, al-Harith al-Muhasibi, and others. Abu Sahl al-Su’luki narrates that as a boy al-Junayd heard his uncle being asked about thankfulness, whereupon he said: “It is to not use His favours for the purpose of disobeying Him.” He took fiqh from Abu Thawr – in whose circle he would give fatwas at twenty years of age – and, it was also said, from Sufyan al-Thawri.
He once said:
He used to go to the market every day, open his shop, and commence praying four hundred rak’as until closing time. Other hallmarks are an emphasis on constant ritual purity & fasting. Taught that the goal of Tasawwuf was not loss of self but the return to daily life transformed by a vision of Allah through the loss of self & constant remembrance of Allah’s presence. Devoted to fulfillment of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala’s will as expressed in the Qur’an al kareem & Sunnah.
Among his sayings about the Sufi Path:
To Ibn Kullab who was asking him about tasawwuf he replied:
“Our madhhab is the singling out of the pre-eternal from the contingent, the desertion of human brotherhood and homes, and obliviousness to past and future.” Ibn Kullab said: “This kind of speech cannot be debated.” His student Abu al-‘Abbas ibn Surayj would say, whenever he defeated his adversaries in debate: “This is from the blessing of my sittings with al-Junayd.”
AL-QUSHAYRI relates from al-Junayd the following definitions of tasawwuf:
* “Not the profusion of prayer and fasting, but wholeness of the breast and selflessness.”1
* “Tasawwuf means that Allah causes you to die to your self and gives you life in Him.”
* “It means that you be solely with Allah with no attachments.”
* “It is a war in which there is no peace.”
* “It is supplication together with inward concentration, ecstasy together with attentive hearing, and action combined with compliance [with the Sunna].”
* “It is the upholding of every high manner and the repudiation of every low one.”