Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | March 4, 2012

The Ulama on Tasawwuf

Imam Abu Hanifa (85 H. – 150 H) – “If it were not for two years, I would have perished.” He said, “for two years I accompanied Sayyidina Ja’far as-Sadiq and I acquired the spiritual knowledge that made me a Gnostic in the Way.”

[Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, vol 1]

Imam Malik (95 H. – 179 H.) – “whoever studies Jurisprudence [tafaqaha] and didn’t study Sufism [tasawwaf] will be corrupted; and whoever studied Sufism and didn’t study Jurisprudence will become a heretic; and whoever combined both will reach the Truth.” [‘Ali al-Adawi , vol. 2]

Imam Shafi’i (150 – 205 AH.) – “I accompanied the Sufi people and I received from them three knowledge’s: …how to speak; how to treat people with leniency and a soft heart… and they… guided  me in the ways of Sufism.”

[Kashf al-Khafa, ‘Ajluni, vol. 1]

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (164 – 241 AH.) – “O my son, you have to sit with the People of Sufism, because they are like a fountain of knowledge and they keep the Remembrance of Allah in their hearts. They are the ascetics and they have the most spiritual power.”

[Tanwir al-Qulub]

Imam Ghazzali (450 – 505 AH.) – “I knew verily that Sufis are the seekers in Allah’s Way, and their conduct is the best conduct, and their way is the best way, and their manners are the most sanctified.  They have cleaned their hearts from other than Allah and they have made them as pathways for rivers to run receiving knowledge of the Divine Presence.”


Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi (544 – 606 AH) – “The way of Sufis for seeking Knowledge, is to disconnect themselves from this worldly life, and they keep themselves constantly busy with Dhikrullah, in all their actions and behaviors.”

[‘Itiqadaat Furaq al-Muslimeen]

Imam Nawawi (620 – 676 AH.) – “The specifications of the Way of the Sufis are … to keep the Presence of Allah in your heart in public and in private; to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (s) … to  be happy with what Allah gave you…”

[in his Letters, (Maqasid at-tawhid)]

Ibn Taymiyya (661 – 728 AH) – “Tasawwuf has realities and states of experience which they talk  about in their science. Some of it is that the Sufi is that one who purifies himself from anything which  distracts him from the remembrance of Allah and who will be so filled up with knowledge of the heart  and knowledge of the mind to the point that the value of gold and stones will be the same to him. And  Tasawwuf is safeguarding the precious meanings and leaving behind the call to fame and vanity in

order to reach the state of Truthfulness, because the best of humans after the prophets are the  Siddiqeen, as Allah mentioned them in the verse: “(And all who obey Allah and the Apostle) are  in the company of those on whom is the grace of Allah: of the prophets, the sincere lovers  of truth, the martyrs and the righteous; Ah! what a beautiful fellowship.” (an-Nisa’, 69,70)

“…some people criticised Sufiyya and Tasawwuf and they said they were innovators, out of the  Sunnah, but the truth is they are striving in Allah’s obedience [mujtahidin fi ta’at-illahi], as others of  Allah’s People strove in Allah’s obedience. So from them you will find the Foremost in Nearness by  virtue of his striving

[as-saabiq ul-muqarrab bi  hasab ijtihadihi].

And some of them are from the  People of the Right hand [Ahl al-Yameen mentioned in Qur’an in Sura Waqi’ah], but slower in their  progress…. And this is the origin of Tasawwuf. And after that origin, it has been spread and

[tasha’abat wa tanawa’at] has its main line and  its branches.

[Majmu’a Fatawa Ibn Taymiyya alKubra, Vol. 11, Book of Tasawwuf]

“The miracles  of  saints  are  absolutely  true  and  correct, by the acceptance of all Muslim scholars. And  the Qur’an has pointed to it in different places, and the Hadith of the Prophet (s) has mentioned it,  and whoever denies the miraculous power of saints are only people who are innovators and their followers.”

[al-Mukhtasar al-Fatawa, page 603].

Ibn Taymiyya says, “what is considered as a miracle

for a saint is that sometimes the saint might hear something that others do not hear and they might  see something that others do not see, while not in a sleeping state, but in a wakened state of vision.  And he can know something that others cannot know, through revelation or inspiration.”

[Majmu’a Fatawi Ibn Taymiyya, Vol. 11]

Ibn Khaldun  (733  – 808 AH.)  –  “The way of  the Sufis  is  the way of  the Salaf,  the preceding Scholars  between the Sahaba and Tabi’een of those who followed good guidance…”

[Muqaddimat ibn alKhaldun]

Tajuddin as-Subki (727 – 771 AH.) – “May Allah praise them [the Sufis] and greet them and may  Allah cause us to be with them inParadise. Too many things havebeen said about them and too many  ignorant people have said things which are not related to them. And the truth is that those people left  the world and were busy with worship. …They are the People of Allah, whose supplications and prayer  Allah accepts and by means of whom Allah supports human beings”

[Mu’eed an-Na’am, the chapter entitled Tasawwuf]

Jalaluddin as-Suyuti (849 – 911 AH.) – “At-Tasawwuf in itself is the best and most honorable  knowledge. It explains how to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (s) and to put aside innovation.”

[Ta’yid al-Haqiqat al-‘Aliyya]

Ibn Qayyim (691 – 751 AH.) – “We can witness the greatness of the People of Sufism, in the eyes of  the earliest generations of Muslims by what has been mentioned by Sufyan ath-Thawri (d. 161 AH),  one of the greatest imams of the second century and one of the foremost legal scholars. He said, “If it had not been for Abu Hisham as-Sufi (d. 115) I would never have perceived the action of the subtlest forms of hypocrisy in the self… Among the best of people is the Sufi learned in jurisprudence.”

[Manazil as-Sa’ireen]

Ibn ‘Abidin  (1198  –  1252  AH.)  –  “The  Seekers  in  this  Sufi  Way  don’t  hear  except  from  the  Divine  Presence and they don’t love any but Him. If they remember Him they cry, and if they thank Him they  are happy; … May Allah bless them.”

[Risa’il Ibn ‘Abidin]

Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan – “Shariah and Tariqah (Revealed law and Observance) are not two different or opposite things. Without obeying the Shariah (Revealed Law) one cannot approach Allah. Revealed law is the collection of all the commands concerning body and soul, the spirit and heart, all the divine science and the infinite knowledge. A part of Shariah (Revealed law) is called Tariqah. It possesses cognizance so unanimously that it is conclusive and final. So all the actions and performances of the saints have to be judged in accordance with the divine Shariah (Revealed law). If they are perfectly in accordance with the said law then they are true and acceptable, otherwise they are condemnable and unacceptable.’’




  1. Allah – beginning with the name of – the Most Gracious Merciful, the Most Merciful.

    Sallallahu alan-Nabiyyil Sallallahu alaihi wasallam Salatan- wasalamanalaika Ya Rasoolallah.

    Assalaamualycum Wa Rehamtullahe Wa Barkathu.

    SUBHAN-ALLAH great information, All point mentions are excellent, Masha-Allah.


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