Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | September 4, 2011

Hazrat Owais Qarni RadiAllah Anho


 
Abu Amar Owais Bin Harb Bin al Muradi bin al Qarn [d.37H/657CE] ‘alayhi al-rahmah wa’l-ridwan

His name was Owais, he was known as Owais al-Qarni because he lived in a town called “Qarn” in Yemen. Hadrat Owais Qarni (Allah be pleased with him) was a very pious and noble person. Although his life was insignificant from a worldly point of view, he is renowned and honoured amongst all Muslims, Sufis in particular, for his piety, practice of zuhd (asceticism), as well as a deep love and affection for the Beloved Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings upon him). It is said that he spent all his hours in solitude, fasting, night vigil and salat (prayers).

He had embraced Islam while the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) was still alive. He naturally had a very strong desire to see the Prophet but since his mother was very old and she needed his constant care and attention, he could not visit the Beloved of Allah. As a reward of his service to his mother, he was treated as a Sahabi (Companion of Prophet) by the Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) even though he could not see him personally. His name entered the list of Sahaba only because of his strong intention to see the Allahs Beloved Messenger (Peace & Blessings upon him). 

Once the Companions asked the Beloved Prophet: “Has Hadrat Owais Qarni ever visited you? The Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) replied: “No, He never watched me physically, but spiritually he met me.” Sufism is based on the spiritual connection or link that was between the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) & Hadrat Owais Qarni, in Sufism that spiritual connection is known as “Nisbat-e-Owaisiya”.


When Hadrat Owais Qarni (Allah be pleased with him) received a message about the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him), that he had lost a tooth in the battle of “Uhud”, Hadrat Owais Qarni pulled one of his own teeth out (because of his love towards the Beloved Prophet). Thinking that he might not have pulled out the right tooth, and because he loved the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) more than he loved himself, he pulled out all of his teeth to make sure that he had lost the same tooth as the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace & Blessings upon him).


During his last days, the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) asked Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Ali (Allah be pleased with them) to take his shirt (Jubba Mubarak) to Hadrat Owais and ask him to pray for the forgiveness of my followers (Ummah). The reason for this was to show his companions the very high status of Hadrat Owais. Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Ali (Allah be pleased with them) asked the people if there was anyone from Qarn. One man came forward and told them how to find the place. They set out for Qarn. When they arrived, they asked the people where Owais was. The villagers answered their questions, but were very surprised to see the two prominent Companions asking for an unknown camel shepherd. When Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Ali (Allah be pleased with them) reached to him, they saw Hadrat Owais saying his prayers. As he finished his prayers, he said, “It is the first time anyone has ever seen me praying. The two men passed on to him Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him)’s message asking Owais to pray for the forgiveness of the followers of Muhammad. This he did. After a while he said, “Allah has forgiven and rewarded as many of Muhammad’s followers as the hair of the sheeps of the Rabia and Mazhar tribes. They asked Hadrat Owais, “If you loved Muhammad so much, why didn’t you visit him more often during his life time?” He did not answer, but asked if they took part in the battle of Uhad? And if so, which tooth had Muhammad lost there? Hadrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) was greatly impressed by this simple person and asked Hadrat Owais to pray for him. Hadrat Owais replied, “I pray for the forgiveness of everyone at the end of every prayer. If you keep your faith in Allah and His Messenger Muhammad, you will receive my prayers in your graves.”

Shaykh FARID AL-DIN ATTAR tells us about him: “during his life in this world, he (Oways) was hiding from all in order to devote himself to acts of worship and obedience” (‘Attar 1976, p. 2). ‘Attar also relates that the Prophet Peace & Blessings upon him had declared at the time of his death that his robe should be given to Oways, a man he had never met in this life. When ‘Umar Radi Allahu anhu looked for Uways during his stay in Kufa, he asked a native of Qarn and was answered “there was one such man, but he was a madman, a senseless person who because of his madness does not live among his fellow countrymen (…) He does not mingle with anybody and does not eat nor drink anything that others drink and eat. He does not know sadness nor joy; when others laugh, he weeps, and when they weep, he laughs” (ibid., p. 29).

Many times in the company of his followers, the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) stated: “I can smell the beauty of my fried from the land of Yemen'”. This statement is in direct reference to the spiritual greatness of Hadrat Owais. The prophet also said: “I feel a sweet, peaceful breeze (naseem-e-rehmat) from Yemen”. Concerning the hadith of the Prophet, upon whom be peace and blessings, “More people shall enter Paradise through the intercession of a certain man from my Community than there are people in the tribes of Rabi’a and Mudar,” AL-HASAN AL-BASRI said: “That is Owais al-Qarni.”


Hadrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) quotes the Prophet as saying “Oh! Umar. From Yemen a man will arrive whose name is Owais and he has signs of Leprosy on his body, he cares for his old and frail mother. If for anything, he takes an oath in the name of Allah, Allah will fulfill his oath. If you can ask from him prayers for your own forgiveness, then you must do so.”

Hadrat Ibn-e-Sa’d (Allah be pleased with him) quotes the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) as saying “In my ummah (followers) I have a friend whose name is Owais al Qarni”

Uwais al-Qarni says, “Keep watch over thy heart”,  “Alayka bi-Ghalbik”.

Uwais al-Qarni said, “Hidden invocation (al-du’a fi dhahr al-ghayb) is better than visiting and meeting,” because hypocrisy (riya) might enter in the latter two.

Translation of the Invocation of Owais al-Qarni:

“O Allah, You created me when I was not worthy of mention;
And You provided for me when I had nothing;
And I wronged my soul and sinned, and I confess my guilt.
If You forgive me, that will in no way diminish Your sovereignty;
And if You punish me, that will in no way augment Your authority.
You can find others to punish besides me,
But I can find no one to forgive me but You.
Truly, You are the most merciful of those who show mercy.”

Once the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) (Peace be upon him), while speaking to Sahaba-Ikram (companions), said: “There is a person in my Ummah (followers) whose prayers would bring forgiveness to as many sinners as the number of hair of the sheep in the tribes of Rabia and Mazar.” The two tribes were well known for raising sheep during the time of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam. The disclosure made the Sahaba-Ikram very curious. They asked the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam about the name of that person and the place he lived in. The Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam first hesitated, but on their insistence told them the name of a person who lived in Qarn, Awais Qarni( May Allah be well pleased with him)

The Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam continued: “On the Day of Judgment, Awais ( May Allah be well pleased with him) would be accompanied to paradise by 70,000 angels who’d resemble him.” The reason the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam gave for this was: “Since Awais prayed all his life in seclusion so as not to be noticed, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala would also keep his purdah (cover

When people asked the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam whether Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him) had even come to see him, he said: “No, he never saw me, but he has the privilege of seeing me through Kashf (spiritual revelation), and he has reasons for not being able to see me. He is the only one to take care of his blind mother.”

Again Sahaba-Ikram asked if they could see him, to which the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam t replied: “No, only Umer bin Khattab and Ali would meet him, and his identification is – he has thick hair all over his body, and a white patch on his left hand.” He directed Hazrat Umer ( May Allah be well pleased with him)and Hazrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him): “When you see him, convey to him my salaam (greetings) and ask him to pray for my Ummah.”

“And who’d be the right person to receive your Abaya (the cloak the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam t used over his clothes) after you leave the world?” the Sahaba asked.

“Awais Qarni,” (May Allah be well pleased with him)said the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

When the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam left the world and Hazrat Umer ( May Allah be well pleased with him)became the caliph, he, along with Hazrat Ali( May Allah be well pleased with him), went to Qarn to look for Awais Qarni( May Allah be well pleased with him). No one knew about him. However, the people of Qarn told them that outside the town there lived an insane person who laughed at the crying people and cried for those who laughed. When Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) and Hazrat Ali ( May Allah be well pleased with him) reached there they saw a person praying amidst the grazing sheep. When he finished his prayers, he saw the visitors and said: “It is the first time anyone has ever seen me praying.”

“What’s your name?” Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) and Hazrat Ali( May Allah be well pleased with him) asked. “Abdullah (the servant of Allah).”

“Tell us your real name?”

“Awais.”

“Show us your hand,” Hazrat Umer ( May Allah be well pleased with him) and Hazrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him)immediately kissed the white patch the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam had talked about. Then they presented to him the holy dress and asked him to pray for the Ummah as directed by the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

Hazrat Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him)took the dress and stepped away to offer prayers: “O Allah, unless you forgive the sins of the followers of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam I won’t wear his dress.” Then they heard a voice: “I’ve forgiven some of them.” All of a sudden came in front of him Hazrat Umer and Hazrat Ali. “Why did you come in front of me? Unless I had sought Allah’s forgiveness for the entire Ummah I would not stop my prayers.” Then he donned the Abaya of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) and disclosed that Allah had forgiven the number of people equivalent to the hair of the sheep of the Rabia and Mazar tribes.

Afterwards, Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) asked him why he didn’t receive the honour of seeing the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam . In response to this Hazrat Awais (May Allah be well pleased with him)asked them to tell whether the brows of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam were wide or dense? Both Sahabas could not answer the question. Then he asked another question: “Which tooth of the Prophet was martyred in the battle of Uhad? Why didn’t you break all your teeth for the love of your Prophet?” Saying this, he showed his toothless mouth. “When I broke my first tooth I thought it might be the other one. Then I broke the other one. Still I was not satisfied. When I had broken all my teeth only then I received some relief.”

Seeing so much devotion to the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam and his extraordinary Tasawwaf, Hazrat Umer (May Allah be well pleased with him)wished to give up his Khilafat and adopt the ways of Hazrat Awais Qarni( May Allah be well pleased with him). Sensing his thought, Hazrat Awais ( May Allah be well pleased with him)said, “You should have given up Khilafat for anyone else, and dedicated yourself entirely to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala
Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) asked him for some advice. “O Umer, you recognize Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and there is nothing better than the sense that no one recongizes you but Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala .” Then he thanked them for taking all the trouble to come and see him. Very much impressed, Hazrat Umer (May Allah be well pleased with him)and Hazrat Ali ( May Allah be well pleased with him)returned home filled with great regard for Hazrat Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him)

Soon after that, the people of Qarn came to know about his spiritual excellence and they started regarding him as a great saint of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala . Since he didn’t like to be known as a saint, he left for Kufa where, while fighting for Hazrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him)in the battle of Safain, he was martyred.

Hazrat Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him)always considered worldly life a temporary sojourn and often said, “Sleep with the remembrance of death, and rise with the thought that you will not live long.” He received spiritual training directly from the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

Often the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said: “Awais is the best amongst Ta’beens (the successors of the companions of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

Hadrat Uways al-Qarni Radi allahu Anhu and his Mother

The great Saint Uways of Qaran! Was presented the blessed cloak of Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam on the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam’s instruction. It is preserved in Istanbul, Turkey. He reached his Spiritual status due to obedience to his mother.

 

 Uways Radi allahu Anhu was from the village of Qaran, in Yemen. He had asked his mother’s permission to visit Allah’s Most Beloved Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and she said: “You have my permission to go, see him once, and come straight back. If the Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam is at home, you may meet with him; if not, come straight back here.” Uways made a journey of three months on foot, from the Yemen to Madinah the Illuminated. When he reached Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam‘s house, he knocked on the door and Hadrat Aisha Radi allahu Anha, wife of the Chosen Prophet and Mother of the Believers opened the door. She told him that Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam was in the Masjid.
Uways Radi allahu Anhu remembered his promise to his mother and replied: “Please convey my salaams to my Beloved Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam. Kindly inform him that Uways came from the Yemen, did not find him at home, and is returning to the Yemen, since he does not have permission from his mother to meet him in the mosque.”

 

When the Rasul Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam came home from the mosque, he found the radiance of Uways in his house. Hadrat Aisha Radi allahu Anha told him what had happened, and conveyed Uways’s salutations. His blessed eyes looked towards Yemen and the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said: “The fragrance of our friend is reaching us.” The noble Companions asked: “If Uways is your friend, why did he not stay to see you?” Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam replied: “He complied with a promise given to his mother and he is serving her.”

 

The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said “Uways will come back to Madinah the Illuminated, to meet me, but we will not meet physically, for I shall then be united with my Lord “

 

Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said that when Uways Radi allahu Anhu came back to Madinah he was to be given his cloak, and asked to pray for the Community of Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam. He also mentioned that a light was visible on one of Uways’s hands.
During Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhus Caliphate, a number of Yemeni’s visited Madinah the Illuminated and Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhu ajmain approached them and enquired about the Saint, Uways Radi allahu Anhu, from the village of Qaran. The Yemenis said they knew of no such saint, but they did point out that a camelherd from that village, who seldom mixed with other people, preferring to spend his time in worship, alone among the camels. Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhu ajmain then approached Hadrat Uways Radi allahu Anhu, greeted him, conveyed the greetings of the Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and presented him with his blessed cloak. But he was reluctant to accept. “Surely there is some mistake!” he exclaimed, in his desire to hide himself. Seeing the light upon his hand, however, they cried: “You are the saint described to us by Allah’s MessengerSalla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, for he told us about the light on your hand.” They also reported to him the wish of the blessed MessengerSalla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam that he should pray for the Community of Muhammad.

 

Hadrat Uways Radi allahu Anhu rubbed the blessed cloak over his face and eyes and kissed it. Then he asked to be left alone. When he was alone he held the cloak and began to pray: “0 Allah this cloak is the cloak of Your beloved Messenger. He has presented it to me, but I refuse to wear it unless You pardon the Community of Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam.” He then repeated his prayer in exactly the same words. As he was about to repeat his prayer a third time, Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhu ajmain came beside him. He cried: “Oh, you came too soon! Upon my first supplication, Allah granted me forgiveness for one third of the Community; on my second, He forgave two-thirds of the Community. In my third request I was pleading for pardon for the entire Community of Muhammad – then you came along!”
As with people in every age, the Yemenis were unaware of the presence in their midst of such a saint, whose prayers were accepted. They imagined him to be an ordinary camelherd. The Friends of Allah, do not seek fame, and as such hide themselves away from other people.

 

Those who serve their mothers with love will be resurrected with Hadrat Uways Radi allahu Anhu. Those who are good to their parents will be happy in this world and the Hereafter.

 

 

 

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Responses

  1. Subhan Allah..

    Thank You Very for sharing such amazing Blessed Info..

    May Allah Subha na wa Taala Reward you Jannah

    keep up the Good Work Masha Allah

  2. Reblogged this on duroodOsalam.


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