Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | August 19, 2011

Ramadan Companion E-Course Lesson 23 of 30


DHIKR IS AN ESSENTIAL PART OF WORSHIP

 

The companion of the Holy Prophet [Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam]  Sa’id Ibn Jubayr [Radiyallaahu `Anhu] said, “Anyone engaged in obeying Allah is in fact engaged in the remembrance of Allah.”

 

Some of the earlier scholars tied it to some more specified form.

 

`Ata said, “The gatherings of Dhikr are the gatherings where the lawful and the prohibited things are discussed, for instance, selling, buying, prayers, fasting, marriage, divorce, and pilgrimage.”

 

Imam Al-Qurtubi said, “Gatherings of Dhikr are the gatherings for knowledge and admonition, those in which the Word of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger, accounts of our righteous predecessors, and sayings of the righteous scholars are learned and practiced without any addition or innovation, and without any ulterior motives or greed.”

 

Thus, any act of obedience to Almighty Allah constitutes Dhikrullaah – the remembrance of Allah.

 

WARNING AGAINST SITTING IN COMPANY WHERE ALLAH IS NOT MENTIONED AND BLESSINGS ON HIS PROPHET ARE NOT INVOKED

 Abu Hurayrah [R.A.] reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said,

 

If people sit in an assembly in which they do not remember Allah nor invoke a blessing on the Prophet, it will be a cause of grief for them on the Day of Judgment.” [1]

 This is reported by Imam At-Tirmidhi, who says it is a sound hadith.

In the version of Imam Ahmad we read,

If people sit in an assembly in which they do not remember Allah, it will be a cause of sorrow for them, and if a man is walking and does not remember Allah, it will be a cause of sorrow for him, and if a man lies down on his bed and does not remember Allah, it will be a cause of sorrow for him.”  Another version says, “It will be a sorrow for them, even if they are given Paradise in reward.

 

The author of Fat-hul `Al-lām says, “This hadith proves that it is incumbent on one to remember Allah and invoke blessings on the Prophet while sitting in an assembly, for whether we take the words ’cause of grief or sorrow’ to mean torment of fire or any other chastisement, obviously a punishment is incurred only when an obligatory act is neglected or a forbidden act is committed, and here it is both the remembrance of Allah and the invoking of blessings on His Prophet that are apparently incumbent.”
 ATONEMENT FOR SITTING IN SUCH AN ASSEMBLY

 Abu Hurayrah [R.A.] reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said,

 “If anyone sits in an assembly where there is much clamor and says before getting up to leave :

 “SUB-HĀNAKAL- LĀHUMMA WA BIHAMDIKA,

ASH-HADU  AL-LĀ  I-LĀHA ILLĀ  ANTA,

ASTAGH-FIRUKA WA  ATŪBU ILAYKA”

 (Glory be to You, O Allah, and I begin with declaring all praise is due to You, I testify that there is no god but You; I ask Your pardon and turn to You in repentance),

he will be forgiven any sin that he might have committed while in that assembly.

 ATONEMENT FOR BACKBITING

It is related that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The atonement for backbiting [and slander] is to pray for forgiveness of the person who was slandered and to say, ‘O Allah, forgive us and him’.”

 

The preferable course in this regard is to pray for forgiveness of the person who was the target of the slander and to mention his good qualities.  This will wipe off the effects of such backbiting, and it is not necessary to announce such a thing.

 [1]               This hadith is reported by Imam At-Tirmidhi, who says it is a sound hadith.

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