Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | September 4, 2011

Hazrat Owais Qarni RadiAllah Anho


 
Abu Amar Owais Bin Harb Bin al Muradi bin al Qarn [d.37H/657CE] ‘alayhi al-rahmah wa’l-ridwan

His name was Owais, he was known as Owais al-Qarni because he lived in a town called “Qarn” in Yemen. Hadrat Owais Qarni (Allah be pleased with him) was a very pious and noble person. Although his life was insignificant from a worldly point of view, he is renowned and honoured amongst all Muslims, Sufis in particular, for his piety, practice of zuhd (asceticism), as well as a deep love and affection for the Beloved Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings upon him). It is said that he spent all his hours in solitude, fasting, night vigil and salat (prayers).

He had embraced Islam while the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) was still alive. He naturally had a very strong desire to see the Prophet but since his mother was very old and she needed his constant care and attention, he could not visit the Beloved of Allah. As a reward of his service to his mother, he was treated as a Sahabi (Companion of Prophet) by the Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) even though he could not see him personally. His name entered the list of Sahaba only because of his strong intention to see the Allahs Beloved Messenger (Peace & Blessings upon him). 

Once the Companions asked the Beloved Prophet: “Has Hadrat Owais Qarni ever visited you? The Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) replied: “No, He never watched me physically, but spiritually he met me.” Sufism is based on the spiritual connection or link that was between the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) & Hadrat Owais Qarni, in Sufism that spiritual connection is known as “Nisbat-e-Owaisiya”.


When Hadrat Owais Qarni (Allah be pleased with him) received a message about the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him), that he had lost a tooth in the battle of “Uhud”, Hadrat Owais Qarni pulled one of his own teeth out (because of his love towards the Beloved Prophet). Thinking that he might not have pulled out the right tooth, and because he loved the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) more than he loved himself, he pulled out all of his teeth to make sure that he had lost the same tooth as the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace & Blessings upon him).


During his last days, the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) asked Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Ali (Allah be pleased with them) to take his shirt (Jubba Mubarak) to Hadrat Owais and ask him to pray for the forgiveness of my followers (Ummah). The reason for this was to show his companions the very high status of Hadrat Owais. Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Ali (Allah be pleased with them) asked the people if there was anyone from Qarn. One man came forward and told them how to find the place. They set out for Qarn. When they arrived, they asked the people where Owais was. The villagers answered their questions, but were very surprised to see the two prominent Companions asking for an unknown camel shepherd. When Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Ali (Allah be pleased with them) reached to him, they saw Hadrat Owais saying his prayers. As he finished his prayers, he said, “It is the first time anyone has ever seen me praying. The two men passed on to him Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him)’s message asking Owais to pray for the forgiveness of the followers of Muhammad. This he did. After a while he said, “Allah has forgiven and rewarded as many of Muhammad’s followers as the hair of the sheeps of the Rabia and Mazhar tribes. They asked Hadrat Owais, “If you loved Muhammad so much, why didn’t you visit him more often during his life time?” He did not answer, but asked if they took part in the battle of Uhad? And if so, which tooth had Muhammad lost there? Hadrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) was greatly impressed by this simple person and asked Hadrat Owais to pray for him. Hadrat Owais replied, “I pray for the forgiveness of everyone at the end of every prayer. If you keep your faith in Allah and His Messenger Muhammad, you will receive my prayers in your graves.”

Shaykh FARID AL-DIN ATTAR tells us about him: “during his life in this world, he (Oways) was hiding from all in order to devote himself to acts of worship and obedience” (‘Attar 1976, p. 2). ‘Attar also relates that the Prophet Peace & Blessings upon him had declared at the time of his death that his robe should be given to Oways, a man he had never met in this life. When ‘Umar Radi Allahu anhu looked for Uways during his stay in Kufa, he asked a native of Qarn and was answered “there was one such man, but he was a madman, a senseless person who because of his madness does not live among his fellow countrymen (…) He does not mingle with anybody and does not eat nor drink anything that others drink and eat. He does not know sadness nor joy; when others laugh, he weeps, and when they weep, he laughs” (ibid., p. 29).

Many times in the company of his followers, the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) stated: “I can smell the beauty of my fried from the land of Yemen’”. This statement is in direct reference to the spiritual greatness of Hadrat Owais. The prophet also said: “I feel a sweet, peaceful breeze (naseem-e-rehmat) from Yemen”. Concerning the hadith of the Prophet, upon whom be peace and blessings, “More people shall enter Paradise through the intercession of a certain man from my Community than there are people in the tribes of Rabi’a and Mudar,” AL-HASAN AL-BASRI said: “That is Owais al-Qarni.”


Hadrat Umar (Allah be pleased with him) quotes the Prophet as saying “Oh! Umar. From Yemen a man will arrive whose name is Owais and he has signs of Leprosy on his body, he cares for his old and frail mother. If for anything, he takes an oath in the name of Allah, Allah will fulfill his oath. If you can ask from him prayers for your own forgiveness, then you must do so.”

Hadrat Ibn-e-Sa’d (Allah be pleased with him) quotes the Beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings upon him) as saying “In my ummah (followers) I have a friend whose name is Owais al Qarni”

Uwais al-Qarni says, “Keep watch over thy heart”,  “Alayka bi-Ghalbik”.

Uwais al-Qarni said, “Hidden invocation (al-du’a fi dhahr al-ghayb) is better than visiting and meeting,” because hypocrisy (riya) might enter in the latter two.

Translation of the Invocation of Owais al-Qarni:

“O Allah, You created me when I was not worthy of mention;
And You provided for me when I had nothing;
And I wronged my soul and sinned, and I confess my guilt.
If You forgive me, that will in no way diminish Your sovereignty;
And if You punish me, that will in no way augment Your authority.
You can find others to punish besides me,
But I can find no one to forgive me but You.
Truly, You are the most merciful of those who show mercy.”

Once the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) (Peace be upon him), while speaking to Sahaba-Ikram (companions), said: “There is a person in my Ummah (followers) whose prayers would bring forgiveness to as many sinners as the number of hair of the sheep in the tribes of Rabia and Mazar.” The two tribes were well known for raising sheep during the time of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam. The disclosure made the Sahaba-Ikram very curious. They asked the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam about the name of that person and the place he lived in. The Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam first hesitated, but on their insistence told them the name of a person who lived in Qarn, Awais Qarni( May Allah be well pleased with him)

The Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam continued: “On the Day of Judgment, Awais ( May Allah be well pleased with him) would be accompanied to paradise by 70,000 angels who’d resemble him.” The reason the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam gave for this was: “Since Awais prayed all his life in seclusion so as not to be noticed, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala would also keep his purdah (cover

When people asked the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam whether Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him) had even come to see him, he said: “No, he never saw me, but he has the privilege of seeing me through Kashf (spiritual revelation), and he has reasons for not being able to see me. He is the only one to take care of his blind mother.”

Again Sahaba-Ikram asked if they could see him, to which the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam t replied: “No, only Umer bin Khattab and Ali would meet him, and his identification is – he has thick hair all over his body, and a white patch on his left hand.” He directed Hazrat Umer ( May Allah be well pleased with him)and Hazrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him): “When you see him, convey to him my salaam (greetings) and ask him to pray for my Ummah.”

“And who’d be the right person to receive your Abaya (the cloak the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam t used over his clothes) after you leave the world?” the Sahaba asked.

“Awais Qarni,” (May Allah be well pleased with him)said the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

When the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam left the world and Hazrat Umer ( May Allah be well pleased with him)became the caliph, he, along with Hazrat Ali( May Allah be well pleased with him), went to Qarn to look for Awais Qarni( May Allah be well pleased with him). No one knew about him. However, the people of Qarn told them that outside the town there lived an insane person who laughed at the crying people and cried for those who laughed. When Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) and Hazrat Ali ( May Allah be well pleased with him) reached there they saw a person praying amidst the grazing sheep. When he finished his prayers, he saw the visitors and said: “It is the first time anyone has ever seen me praying.”

“What’s your name?” Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) and Hazrat Ali( May Allah be well pleased with him) asked. “Abdullah (the servant of Allah).”

“Tell us your real name?”

“Awais.”

“Show us your hand,” Hazrat Umer ( May Allah be well pleased with him) and Hazrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him)immediately kissed the white patch the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam had talked about. Then they presented to him the holy dress and asked him to pray for the Ummah as directed by the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

Hazrat Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him)took the dress and stepped away to offer prayers: “O Allah, unless you forgive the sins of the followers of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam I won’t wear his dress.” Then they heard a voice: “I’ve forgiven some of them.” All of a sudden came in front of him Hazrat Umer and Hazrat Ali. “Why did you come in front of me? Unless I had sought Allah’s forgiveness for the entire Ummah I would not stop my prayers.” Then he donned the Abaya of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) and disclosed that Allah had forgiven the number of people equivalent to the hair of the sheep of the Rabia and Mazar tribes.

Afterwards, Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) asked him why he didn’t receive the honour of seeing the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam . In response to this Hazrat Awais (May Allah be well pleased with him)asked them to tell whether the brows of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam were wide or dense? Both Sahabas could not answer the question. Then he asked another question: “Which tooth of the Prophet was martyred in the battle of Uhad? Why didn’t you break all your teeth for the love of your Prophet?” Saying this, he showed his toothless mouth. “When I broke my first tooth I thought it might be the other one. Then I broke the other one. Still I was not satisfied. When I had broken all my teeth only then I received some relief.”

Seeing so much devotion to the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam and his extraordinary Tasawwaf, Hazrat Umer (May Allah be well pleased with him)wished to give up his Khilafat and adopt the ways of Hazrat Awais Qarni( May Allah be well pleased with him). Sensing his thought, Hazrat Awais ( May Allah be well pleased with him)said, “You should have given up Khilafat for anyone else, and dedicated yourself entirely to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala
Hazrat Umer(May Allah be well pleased with him) asked him for some advice. “O Umer, you recognize Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and there is nothing better than the sense that no one recongizes you but Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala .” Then he thanked them for taking all the trouble to come and see him. Very much impressed, Hazrat Umer (May Allah be well pleased with him)and Hazrat Ali ( May Allah be well pleased with him)returned home filled with great regard for Hazrat Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him)

Soon after that, the people of Qarn came to know about his spiritual excellence and they started regarding him as a great saint of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala . Since he didn’t like to be known as a saint, he left for Kufa where, while fighting for Hazrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him)in the battle of Safain, he was martyred.

Hazrat Awais Qarni (May Allah be well pleased with him)always considered worldly life a temporary sojourn and often said, “Sleep with the remembrance of death, and rise with the thought that you will not live long.” He received spiritual training directly from the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

Often the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said: “Awais is the best amongst Ta’beens (the successors of the companions of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam

Hadrat Uways al-Qarni Radi allahu Anhu and his Mother

The great Saint Uways of Qaran! Was presented the blessed cloak of Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam on the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam’s instruction. It is preserved in Istanbul, Turkey. He reached his Spiritual status due to obedience to his mother.

 

 Uways Radi allahu Anhu was from the village of Qaran, in Yemen. He had asked his mother’s permission to visit Allah’s Most Beloved Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and she said: “You have my permission to go, see him once, and come straight back. If the Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam is at home, you may meet with him; if not, come straight back here.” Uways made a journey of three months on foot, from the Yemen to Madinah the Illuminated. When he reached Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam‘s house, he knocked on the door and Hadrat Aisha Radi allahu Anha, wife of the Chosen Prophet and Mother of the Believers opened the door. She told him that Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam was in the Masjid.
Uways Radi allahu Anhu remembered his promise to his mother and replied: “Please convey my salaams to my Beloved Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam. Kindly inform him that Uways came from the Yemen, did not find him at home, and is returning to the Yemen, since he does not have permission from his mother to meet him in the mosque.”

 

When the Rasul Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam came home from the mosque, he found the radiance of Uways in his house. Hadrat Aisha Radi allahu Anha told him what had happened, and conveyed Uways’s salutations. His blessed eyes looked towards Yemen and the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said: “The fragrance of our friend is reaching us.” The noble Companions asked: “If Uways is your friend, why did he not stay to see you?” Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam replied: “He complied with a promise given to his mother and he is serving her.”

 

The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said “Uways will come back to Madinah the Illuminated, to meet me, but we will not meet physically, for I shall then be united with my Lord “

 

Rasulullah Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam said that when Uways Radi allahu Anhu came back to Madinah he was to be given his cloak, and asked to pray for the Community of Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam. He also mentioned that a light was visible on one of Uways’s hands.
During Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhus Caliphate, a number of Yemeni’s visited Madinah the Illuminated and Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhu ajmain approached them and enquired about the Saint, Uways Radi allahu Anhu, from the village of Qaran. The Yemenis said they knew of no such saint, but they did point out that a camelherd from that village, who seldom mixed with other people, preferring to spend his time in worship, alone among the camels. Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhu ajmain then approached Hadrat Uways Radi allahu Anhu, greeted him, conveyed the greetings of the Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, and presented him with his blessed cloak. But he was reluctant to accept. “Surely there is some mistake!” he exclaimed, in his desire to hide himself. Seeing the light upon his hand, however, they cried: “You are the saint described to us by Allah’s MessengerSalla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, for he told us about the light on your hand.” They also reported to him the wish of the blessed MessengerSalla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam that he should pray for the Community of Muhammad.

 

Hadrat Uways Radi allahu Anhu rubbed the blessed cloak over his face and eyes and kissed it. Then he asked to be left alone. When he was alone he held the cloak and began to pray: “0 Allah this cloak is the cloak of Your beloved Messenger. He has presented it to me, but I refuse to wear it unless You pardon the Community of Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam.” He then repeated his prayer in exactly the same words. As he was about to repeat his prayer a third time, Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Umar Radi allahu Anhu ajmain came beside him. He cried: “Oh, you came too soon! Upon my first supplication, Allah granted me forgiveness for one third of the Community; on my second, He forgave two-thirds of the Community. In my third request I was pleading for pardon for the entire Community of Muhammad – then you came along!”
As with people in every age, the Yemenis were unaware of the presence in their midst of such a saint, whose prayers were accepted. They imagined him to be an ordinary camelherd. The Friends of Allah, do not seek fame, and as such hide themselves away from other people.

 

Those who serve their mothers with love will be resurrected with Hadrat Uways Radi allahu Anhu. Those who are good to their parents will be happy in this world and the Hereafter.

 

 

 

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | September 4, 2011

Follow the Sunnah and Increase your Beauty‏


 

Hadrat Ibn-e-‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reported that the Messenger of Allah has said, “Do the opposite of what the polytheists do; let the beard grow long and clip the mustache.” A version has, “trim the mustache down and leave the beard.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Page 875]

Hadrat Zaid ibn Arqam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reported that the Messenger of Allah has said, “Whoever does not take something off his mustache is not one of us (not on our path).” [Sunan Nisa'i, Vol 2, Page 274]

 Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reported that the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings be Upon Him said: “He who does not shave off the hair from the abdomen and does not cut his nails and does not trim his mustaches, is not of us”.

Sayyiduna Anas Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reported that the maximum exemption for shaving off the hair from the abdomen and armpit and for cutting nails and for trimming the mustaches is forty days. [Sahih Muslim]


 Hadrat Abu Huraira Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reported that the Messenger of Allah has said, “Cut the mustaches and let the beards grow long; (by doing this) do the opposite of the fire worshipers.” [Sahih Muslim, Vol 2, Page 129]

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reported that the Glorious Prophet of Islam Peace and Blessings be Upon Him said: “Five things are from the traditions of the Prophets of the old: circumcision, removing the hair below the navel, trimming the mustaches, cutting the nails and removing the hair from armpit”. [Bukhari, Muslim]

 

IMPORTANT NOTES:

1. Many of our Muslim brothers have opted to make their beards into a fashion and have a ‘stylish’ effect to it. Many completely shave it off and some leave a bit on the chin. Some keep their beards only 2 fingers long, and believe that they’re following the Shari’ah, despite the fact that those who shave all of their beards and those who shave it to less than one fist are all the same in sin in the eyes of Shari’ah. It has been stated in Bahar-e-Shari’at:

To grow the beard is the Sunnah of the prophets. To shave it all or less than a fist is Haraam.

 
 

 

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq “Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi” has stated:

To shave the beard is Haram, and the way of the English, the hindus and monkey-dancers. It is wajib to leave the beard to grow to one fist. Those fuqaha (scholars) who have stated that to keep the beard one fist is sunnat, then this is not because according to them to keep the beard to one fist is not wajib, but in fact “sunnah” in this context means the Islamic way, or because the wujub (necessity) of keeping a beard one fist has been proven from the Sunnah (the ahadeeth – prophetic traditions of the Beloved Prophet), just as the Eid prayers have been called sunnat, despite the fact that they are wajib.

 
 

 

 

It has been stated in al-Durr al-Mukhtar (Vol. 2 Pg. 116), Radd al-Muhtar (Vol. 2 Pg. 117), al-Bahr al-Ra’iq (Vol. 2 Pg. 280), Fath al-Qadir (Vol. 2 Pg. 270), Tahtawi (Pg. 411) that: [and the words quoted here are of Tahtawi’s]

According to the unanimous opinion, to shave the beard less than a fist as is the way of some westerners and effeminate persons who are fond of make-up like women, is not permissible. As regards shaving whole of the beard, then this is the way of the Jews of India and the fire-worshippers of Iran.

 

2. Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam al-Ghazali Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho said:

If in a battle the dead amongst the Muslims and non-Muslim become mixed then every corpse will be recognized by their trimmed mustaches and beards (not less than a fist). Those that possess trimmed mustaches and beards will be bathed and dressed according to the Muslim rites and Salat-ul-Janazah read over them while those not possessing the above signs will be buried like the non-Muslims i.e. Without bathing and dressing and Salaat-ul-Janazah.

3. It is permissible to grow the beard more than the Shari’i limit of one fist. However – according to our Imams and scholars – to let the beard grow such that it becomes extremely out of proportion, and which shall be a incite people to point fingers and make humor out of that person, is offensive and disapproved of. [Lum’ah al-duha fi I’fa al-Luha (Imam Ahmed Raza Khan), Fatawa-e-Radawiyyah, Vol 22, Pages 571/573]

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | September 3, 2011

Fasting Six Days of Shawwal after Ramadan


Fasting Six Days of Shawwal after Ramadan .

 ‘Like Fasting the Entire Year’

 

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Sayyiduna Ayyub (Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him, his family, and companions) said,

 

“Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows it with six days from Shawwal it is as if they fasted the entire year.” [Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah; Ahmad transmitted it from Jabir, Muntaqa]


Sayyiduna Thawban (Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him, his family, and companions) said,

 

“Whoever fasts Ramadan, and then six days after Eid, it is an entire year. Whoever does a good deed shall have ten times its reward.” [Ibn Majah, Muntaqa]

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Important Notes:

1. Based on this, the majority of the fuqaha, including the Hanafi, Shafi`i, and Hanbali school, have held that it is recommended to fast six days of the month of Shawwal. [Radd al-Muhtar; Mughni al-Muhtaj Shah al-Minhaj; Kashshaf al-Qina`]

2. It is permitted to fast these six days separately throughout the month, or consecutively, after Eid al-Fitr.

3. It is prohibitively disliked (makruh tahriman) and sinful to fast on Eid day itself. [Radd al-Muhtar]

4. The Shafi`is and Hanbalis state that it is superior to make the six fasts consecutive [Minhaj, Ghayat al-Muntaha]. Khatib al-Shirbini explains the reasoning as being,

 

“In order to hasten to do the good, and because of the problems inevitable in delaying,”


such as becoming lazy and not actually fulfilling this sunnah in the end, though he points out that the sunnah is fulfilled by both consecutive and non-consecutive fasting of six days in Shawwal. [Mughni al-Muhtaj]

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The later Hanafi scholars differed as to which is better, fasting the six days consecutively or non-consecutively, though neither is disliked and both fulfill the sunnah. [Radd al-Muhtar]

However, it would be agreed that those who fear not fulfilling the recommendation due to laziness, forgetfulness or other excuses, should hasten to fast the six days consecutively immediately after Eid al-Fitr.

5. The reward is akin to having fasted obligatory fasts the entire year days, according to Buhuti, Shirbini, and others.

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace) said,

 

“The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer, though there is good in both. Be avid for that which benefits you. Rely on Allah and do not deem yourself incapable…” [Muslim:4816, Ibn Majah:76, Ahmad:8436]


Imam Nawawi (Allah have mercy on him) explained that the ‘strength’ in this hadith refers to, “One’s determination and ability in matters of the next life.”

And Allah alone gives success!!

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References:

Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar `ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Vol. 2, Page 125
Shirbini, Mughni al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj, Vol. 2, Page 184-185
Buhuti, Kashshaf al-Qina`, Vol. 2 Page 237-238
Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | September 1, 2011

Shaykh al-Akbar Ibn al-‘Arabi and the “Oneness of Being” (wahdat al-wujud)


Shaykh Muhyiddin Ibn al-‘Arabi the following: “A Mujtahid Imam in Shari’a, Tasawwuf, Tafsir,Hadith, and other Islamic sciences, and widely regarded as a friend (wali) of Allah Most High, he was the foremost representative of the Sufi school of the ‘oneness of being’ (wahdat al-wujud), as well as a Muslim of strict literal observance of the prescriptions of the Qur’an and Sunna….” (Reliance of the Traveler, p. 1080).

He was nicknamed “Sultan al-‘Arifeen” and “Muhyiddin” and “Shaykh al-Akbar,” and he authored over 500 books and treatises on numerous subjects, took knowledge from over a thousand shaykhs, and studied Hadith under such scholars as Ibn ‘Asakir, Abdul-Haqq al- Ishbili, Ibn Bashkuwal, and others. Among those who expressed praise and admiration of him and spoke highly of him are the following:

1) the Syrian Hanafi Mufti Imam Abdul-Ghani an-Nabulsi;
2) Shaykh al-Islam Jalaluddin as-Suyuti and
3) his teacher Abdur-Ra’uf al-Munawi;
4) Shaykh Ibn ‘Imad al-Hanbali;
5) the scholar of language and hadith al-Fayruzabadi, who often quoted Ibn al-‘Arabi in his Sharh on Bukhari’s Sahih;
6) Imam ‘Afif ad-Din al-Yafi’i;
7) Imam Ibn ‘Ata’Illah as-Sakandari;
8] Shaykh al-Islam ‘Izz ibn Abdus-Salam (after becoming the student of Imam
Shadhuli) who described him as the spiritual Pole (Qutb);
9) Imam as-Safadi, who said about the statement of his ‘Aqida in the beginning of his Futuhat, “I saw that from beginning to end it consists in the ‘Aqida of Abu’l Hasan al-Ash’ari with no difference whatsoever”;
10) the Qur’anic commentators al-Alusi, al-Baydawi, Abu’s Su’ud, and Isma’il Haqqi;
11) the hadith master Ibn an-Najjar;12) Imam al-Qurtubi al-Maliki, in his Tadhkira and other books;
13) the scholar of language and hadith Murtada az-Zabidi;
14) Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari;
15) the Shafi’i mujtahid and hadith master Siraj ad-Din al-Bulqini, who said: “We seek refuge in Allah from saying that Ibn al-‘Arabi affirms hulul and ittihad! He is far above that. Rather, he is one of the greatest Imams and among those who have probed the oceans of the sciences of Qur’an and Hadith,” and his student
16) Siraj ad-Din al-Makhzumi, who said: “Our Shaykh Siraj ad-Din al-Bulqini and
likewise Shaykh Taqi ad-Din as-Subki used to criticize the Shaykh (Ibn al-‘Arabi) in the beginning, then they changed their position after they realized what he was saying and the explanation of his intent;”
17) Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Hajar al-Haytami in his Fatawa Hadithiyya (p. 50-54, 335-36);
18) the late hadith master of Syria Shaykh Badr ad-Din al-Hasani;
19) the Hanafi Mujtahid Imam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abidin, who reports in his Hashiyat Radd al-Muhtar (4:238-40) that Jews had interpolated statements of kufr into his work Fusus al-Hikam, and that Shaykh Ibn al-‘Arabi was innocent of them; …and many others.

The late Syrian authority on Ibn al-‘Arabi and his teachings and writings, Mahmud Ghurab, demonstrated that there were interpolations added to his book “Fusus al-Hikam” (86 according to him) which not only are falsely attributed to Shaykh Ibn al-‘Arabi, but furthermore contradict what he wrote in the Futuhat al-Makkiyya, of which we have an autograph copy to this day.

Most of those who attack Ibn al-‘Arabi do so by pointing to those false statements found in Fusus al-Hikam, such as that Hell’s punishment will turn into bliss for its inhabitants which those in Paradise will not experience, or Pharaoh is going to eventually be forgiven and attain salvation 405, or that one does not have to die as a Muslim believer to attain salvation in the Hereafter, or that the Prophethood of Muhammad (asws) is not final and other religions are not abrogated with Islam, and so on…none of which Ibn al- ‘Arabi believed in.

Anyone with a fairly good mastery of Arabic can read for themselves the ‘Aqida of Shaykh Ibn al-‘Arabi in his Futuhat al-Makkiyya, and see how it matches exactly the Aqida of Ahlus-Sunna. As an example, one of the lines of poetry found in the Fusus states:

Subhana man azhara-l ashyaa’ wa Huwa ‘aynuha!
Glory to Him Who manifested all things and is those (same) things!

This idea, that Allah is the creation and the creation is Allah, is the common
misunderstanding of the true meaning of the ‘oneness of being’ (an expression which Shaykh al-Akbar never used in his writings but was coined by his students).

Rather, as Shaykh Abdul-Ghani an-Nabulsi wrote in his book Idah al-Maqsud min Wahdat al-Wujud (Explaining what is meant by ‘oneness of being’), the creation can never be Allah because Being (Wujud) is a necessary attribute of Allah, while the being of the creation is only something possible and not necessary to it, since it is subject to non-being, and a beginning and ending. Because of this primary difference, the creation cannot be Allah. Rather, the creation’s being is not independent of Allah, and it can exist only through the Being of Allah its Originator, the One True Being.

Therefore, the true understanding of this concept of wahdat al-wujud is none
other than that which is expressed in the hadith wherein the Prophet (asws) said, “The truest words ever spoken by a poet are the words of Labid: ‘Indeed, everything – other than Allah – is false (batil)’.”

So when the Sufis say ‘Oneness of Being,’ the ‘Being’ that they are referring to is only the Eternal Being of Allah, the Real (al-Haqq) Most Exalted, Who is indeed One in His Essence, Attributes, and Acts. They do not at all refer to created contingent beings (hawadith), whose existence is only metaphorical and secondary, and not essential to them, and whose true origin is nothingness (as Labid stated). Allah said, “Everything is perishing except His Being” (Q28:88).

The verb form of the word “perishing” (halik) is present perfect, meaning that everything other than Allah is in a constant state of annihilation. The Shadhuli Sufi Shaykh Ibn Ata’Illah as-Sakandari said in his Hikam, “Created beings are established (in existence) by His establishing them, and are (in the same moment) erased (from existence) by the Oneness (Ahadiyya) of His Essence.” The Syrian scholar Muhammad Sa’id al-Buti, in his commentary on the al-Hikam al-‘Ata’iyya, wrote:

“What is the meaning of the expression “oneness of perception” (wahdat al-shuhud)? When I interact with secondary causes with full respect to Allah’s ways, His orders, and His Law, knowing that the sustenance that comes to me is from Allah, the felicity that enters my home is from Allah, my food is readied for me by Allah – even the smallest details, the wealth which I have been graced comes from Allah, the illness that has been put in me or a relative of mine comes from Allah, the cure that followed it is from Allah, …and so forth – when the efficacy of causes melts away in my sight and I no longer see, behind them, other than the Causator Who is Allah Almighty; at that time, when you look right or left, you do
not see except the Attributes of Allah.

As much as you evolve in the world of causes, you do not see – through them – other than the Causator, Who is Allah. At that time you have become raised to what the spiritual masters have called ‘oneness of perception.’ And this oneness of perception is what Allah’s Messenger expressed by the word Ihsan (‘you worship Allah as if you see Him’). You do not see the causes as a barrier between you and Allah.

Rather, you see causes – in the context of this doctrine – very much like pure transparent glass. The glass pane is present, no one denies it, but as much as you stare at it, you do not see anything except what is behind it. Is it not so?… The world is entirely made of glass panes in this fashion. You see in them Allah’s efficacy in permanence, so you are always with Allah Ta’ala. None has tasted the sweetness of belief unless he has reached that perception.”

Finally, Imam Sha’rani wrote in his Yawaqit wa Jawahir (1:9): “During my abdridgment of the Futuhat, I would pause at a number of passages whose agreement with the Ahlus-Sunna I could not perceive, so I removed them from this abdridgement…and a time passed wherein I continued to think that those passages which I omitted were nonetheless from the Shaykh (Ibn al-‘Arabi), until our noble brother the scholar Shamsuddin Abu’t Tayyib al-Madani (d. 955H.) came to us and I mentioned this to him. So he brought to me a copy of the Futuhat, which matched with the autographed copy found in Konya, Turkey, and I did not see in it any of those passages which I omitted from my abridgment.

So by this I came to know that the copies found in Egypt were all reproduced from the copies into which interpolations were added after the Shaykh.” Furthermore, it is known that the Shaykh Ibn al-‘Arabi rewrote the Futuhat a second time after noticing that his first draft became tampered with. (What is ironic is that the same thing happened to Imam Sha’rani with his own book at- Tabaqat al-Kubra and other books, into which some of his enemies inserted stories containing things contradictory to the Shari’a, with no fear of Allah, as Imam Sha’rani himself mentioned in the beginning of one of his last books al-Anwar al-Qudsiyya)

Shaykh al-Islam Jalaluddin as-Suyuti wrote a whole book in defense of Shaykh al-Akbar Ibn al-‘Arabi, called Tanbih al-Ghabi fi Tanzih Ibn al-‘Arabi (“Warning the Ignoramus concerning the Vindication of Ibn al-‘Arabi), in refutation of the book by Burhan ad-Din al-Biqa’i (one of his teachers) who declared Ibn al-‘Arabi a kafir. In this book Imam Suyuti wrote: “Whatever is transmitted and attributed to the (Sufi) Shaykhs – may Allah be pleased with them – if it contradicts external knowledge, bears various possibilities:

A) first, we do not concede its attribution to them until it is established as authentic;

B) second, after authenticity is established, it may have a figurative meaning; if not, then one should say, ‘perhaps it has a figurative meaning for the people of internal knowledge and the gnostics of Allah (Most High)’;

C) third, this may have come from them in a state of intoxication and
distraction from their senses, and the lawfully intoxicated person is not taken to task as he is not held responsible in such a state.

Holding a bad opinion about them after all these resolutions is a sign of deprivement of success. We seek refuge in Allah from failure and a terrible verdict…” (p. 59-60). This last point is demonstrated by the authentic hadith recorded by Muslim (Kitab at-Tawba, #4932) in which a person traveling alone in an empty land loses his mount (and thus his food and drink), and gives up all hope of living.

When he suddenly finds his mount directly above him with all of his provision, he says out of overwhelming joy, “O Allah, You are my slave and I am your Lord.” His intense happiness overtook his rational senses and caused him to say something that, if someone in control of their rational sense said, would be outright blasphemy. But as Qadi ‘Iyad explained in his commentary on this hadith, he is not to be taken into account because his words were not intended according to their apparent literal meaning… likewise for all of those statements which issue from the Sufis when overwhelmed in their spiritual states.

As for those who claim that he believed in Divine Union (Ittihad) and Indwelling (Hulul), then they are clearly believing in lies, and obviously have not read the numerous passages in the Futuhat (and his other books) wherein he denounces these beliefs as false (such as in Futuhat 2:134). He said in his statement of ‘Aqida, “Know that Allah Most High is One – according to consensus – and that the station of Oneness is transcendent above it being an object of indwelling (hulul), or that it indwell in an object, or that it unites (ittihad) with another object.”

And he said in his Futuhat (Ch. 169): “The Eternal can never be the locus of contingent creations, nor can He indwell in a contingent being (muhdath).” And he said (Futuhat, Ch. 559): “…This demonstrates to you that the created order (‘alam) is not the verysame Being of the Real (al-Haqq), nor did the Real Most High come to indwell in them. For if it were the Being of the Real, or if He indwelled in them, then He Most High would not be Eternal (Qadim) or Unique (Badi’).” And he said: “The gnostic-knower of Allah (‘arif) can never say that he is Allah, even if he reaches the loftiest levels of proximity to Him.

Far be it indeed for the gnostic-knower to say such a thing! Rather, he says, ‘I am the lowly slave…’.” (Sha’rani’s Yawaqit 1:80-81). And he said in the Introduction (1:7) to it: “Whoever casts the scale of the Shari’a from his hand for a single moment perishes.”

Finally, in some of his poetry he writes: “Leave the words of people whose leader/ states that he has united with the One God. Union with Him (ittihad) is impossible, and no one claims it/ except an ignoramus who is stripped of his intellect. And who is empty of His Reality and His Shari’a/ so worship your God and do not associate another with Him.”

Other Scholars That Supported Wahdat-ul-Wujood :

Pir Mehr Ali Shah Jilani

Shaykh Abdul Rahman Shaghouri

Shaykh Abdul Karim Mudarris Al Bayyarah

And Many More

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | September 1, 2011

10th Month of Islamic Calendar… Shawwal al-Mukarram!! [URDU]‏


اسلامی سال کا دسواں مہینہ ۔۔۔ شوال المکرم

http://www.vectralogix.com/irfan/Eid1.jpg
 

شوال کی وجہ تسمیہ:

اسلامی سال کے دسویں مہینے کا نام شوال المکرم ہے۔ اس کی وجہ تسمیہ یہ ہے کہ یہ ”شَول ”سے ماخوذ ہے جس کا معنی اونٹنی کا دُم اٹھانا (یعنی سفر اختیار کرنا) ہے۔ اس مہینہ میں عرب لوگ سیر و سیاحت اور شکار کھیلنے کے لئے اپنے گھروں سے باہر چلے جاتے تھے۔ اس لئے اس کا نام شوال رکھا گیا۔

اس مہینہ کی پہلی تاریخ کو عید الفطر ہوتی ہے جس کو یوم الرحمۃ بھی کہتے ہیں ۔ کیونکہ اس دن اللہ تعالیٰ اپنے بندوں پر رحمت فرماتا ہے۔ اور اسی روز اللہ تعالیٰ نے شہد کی مکھی کو شہد بنانے کا الہام کیا تھا۔ اور اسی دن اللہ تعالیٰ نے جنت پیدا فرمائی۔ اور اسی روز اللہ تبارک و تعالیٰ نے درختِ طوبیٰ پیدا کیا۔ اور اسی دن کو اللہ عزوجل نے سیدنا حضرت جبرائیل علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام کو وحی کے لئے منتخب فرمایا۔ اور اسی دن میں فرعون کے جادوگروں نے توبہ کی تھی۔ (فضائل ایام و الشہور ، صفحہ ٤٤٣،غنیہ الطالبین صفحہ٤٠٥، مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ٦٩٣)

اور اسی مہینہ کی چوتھی تاریخ کو سید العالمین رحمۃ اللعالمین صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نجران کے نصرانیوں کے ساتھ مباہلہ کےلئے نکلے تھے اور اسی ماہ کی پندرہویں تاریخ کو اُحد کی لڑائی ہوئی۔ جس میں سید الشہداء حضرت امیر حمزہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ شہید ہوئے تھے اور اسی ماہ کی پچیس تاریخ سے آخرِ ماہ تک جتنے دن ہیں وہ قوم عاد کے لئے منحوس دن تھے جن میں اللہ جل شانہ، نے قوم عاد کو ہلاک فرمایا تھا۔ (فضائل ایام والشہور صفحہ ٤٤٤، بحوالہ عجائب المخلوقات صفحہ ٤٦)

 

شوال کی فضیلت:

یہ مبارک مہینہ وہ ہے کہ جو حج کے مہینوں کا پہلا مہینہ ہے (یعنی حج کی نیت سے آغاز ِسفر) اسے شَہْرُ الْفِطْر بھی کہتے ہیں اس کی پہلی تاریخ کو عید الفطر ہوتی ہے ۔ جس میں اللہ تعالیٰ اپنے بندوں کو بخشش کا مژدہ سناتا ہے۔ جیسا کہ حدیث شریف میں ہے۔

اِذَاکَانَ یَوْمُ عِیْدِہِمْ یَعْنِیْ یَوْمَ فِطْرِہِمْ بَاہـٰی بِہِمْ مَلَائِکَتَہ، فَقَالَ مَاجَزَآءُ اَجِیْرٍ وَفّٰی عَمَلَہ، قَالُوْرَبَّنَا جَزَآءُ ہ، اَنْ یُّوَفّٰی اَجْرُہ، قَالَ مَلَائِکَتِیْ عَبِیْدِیْ وَاِمَائِیْ قَضَوْ فَرِیْضَتِیْ عَلَیْہِمْ ثُمَّ خَرَجُوْا یَعُجُّوْنَ اِلَی الدُّعَآءِ وَ عِزَّتِیْ وَجَلَالِیْ وَکَرَمِیْ وَ عُلُوِّیْ وَارْتِفَاعِ مَکَانِیْ لَاُجِیْبَنَّہُمْ فَیَقُوْلُ ارْجِعُوْا قَدْغَفَرْتُ لَکُمْ وَ بدَّلْتُ سَیِّاٰتِکُمْ حَسَنَاتٍ قَالَ فَیَرْجِعُوْنَ مَغْفُوْرًا لَّہُمْ ۔ رواہ البیہقی فی شعب الایمان (مشکوٰۃ صفحہ ١٨٣)
جب عید کا دن آتا ہے یعنی عید الفطر کا دن ۔ تو اللہ تبارک و تعالیٰ اپنے فرشتوں سے فرماتا ہے کہ اس مزدور کی کیا مزدوری ہے جس نے اپنا کام پورا کیا ہو ۔ فرشتے عرض کرتے ہیں کہ اے ہمارے پروردگار اس کی جزا یہ ہے کہ اسے پورا اجر دیا جائے۔ اللہ تبارک و تعالیٰ فرماتا ہے ۔ اے میرے فرشتو! میرے بندوں اور باندیوں نے میرے فریضہ کو ادا کردیا ہے پھر وہ (عیدگاہ کی طرف) نکلے دعا کیلئے پکارتے ہوئے ۔ اور مجھے اپنی عزت و جلال اور اکرام اور بلندی اور بلند مرتبہ کی قسم میں ان کی دعا قبول کروں گا ۔ پس فرماتا ہے اے میرے بندو! لوٹ جاؤ میں نے تمہیں بخش دیا۔ اور تمہاری برائیاں نیکیوں سے بدل دیں ۔ حضور اقدس صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا کہ لوگ اس حال میں واپس لوٹتے ہیں کہ ان کی بخشش ہوچکی ہوتی ہے۔

حضرت انس بن مالک رضی اللہ عنہ، سے مروی ہے کہ نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا اللہ تعالیٰ اس شخص کو جس نے ماہِ رمضان میں روزے رکھے، عید الفطرکی رات میں پورا پورا اجر عطا فرمادیتا ہے اورعید کی صبح فرشتوں کو حکم دیتا ہے کہ زمین پر جاؤ اور ہر گلی، کوچہ اور بازار میں اعلان کردو (اس آواز کو جن و انس کے علاوہ تمام مخلوق سنتی ہے) کہ محمد صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے امتیوں! اپنے رب کی طرف بڑھو وہ تمہاری تھوڑی نماز کو قبول کرکے بڑا اجر عطا فرماتا ہے اور بڑے بڑے گناہوں کو بخش دیتا ہے پھر جب لوگ عید گاہ روانہ ہوجاتے ہیں اور وہاں نماز سے فارغ ہوکر دعا مانگتے ہیں تو اللہ تعالیٰ اس وقت کسی دعا اور کسی حاجت کو رد نہیں فرماتا اور کسی گناہ کو بغیر معاف کئے نہیں چھوڑتا اور لوگ اپنے گھروں کو ”مغفور” ہو کر لوٹتے ہیں ۔ (غنیۃ الطالبین صفحہ ٤٠٥)

عید کے دن شیطان کا رونا

حضرت وہب بن منبہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مروی ہے کہ ہر عید کے دن ابلیس چلا کر روتا ہے ۔ دوسرے شیاطین اس کے پاس جمع ہوتے ہیں اور پوچھتے ہیں : اے ہمارے سردار آپ کیوں ناراض ہیں ؟ وہ کہتا ہے: اللہ تعالیٰ نے اس دن میں حضرت محمد مصطفی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی امت کو معاف کردیا۔ اب تم پر لازم ہے کہ انہیں شہوات و لذّات میں ڈال کر غافل کردو (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ٦٩٣)

 

عید کی وجہ تسمیہ:

عید کو عید اس لئے کہا جاتا ہے کہ اللہ تعالیٰ اس دن اپنے بندوں کی طرف فرحت و شادمانی باربار عطا کرتاہے یعنی عید اور عود ہم معنی ہیں ۔ بعض علماء کا قول ہے کہ عید کے دن اللہ تعالیٰ کی طرف سے بندہ کو منافع، احسانات اور انعامات حاصل ہوتے ہیں یعنی عید عوائد سے مشتق ہے اور عوائد کے معنی ہیں منافع کے یا عید کے دن، بندہ چونکہ گریہ و زاری کی طرف لوٹتا ہے اور اس کے عوض اللہ تعالیٰ بخشش و عطا کی جانب رجوع فرماتا ہے۔ بعض علماء کا کہنا ہے کہ اس کی وجہ تسمیہ یہ ہے کہ بندہ اطاعت الٰہی سے اطاعت رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی طرف رجوع کرتا اور فرض کے بعد سنت کی طرف پلٹتا ہے، ماہ رمضان کے روزے رکھنے کے بعد ماہ شوال کے چھ روزوں کی طرف متوجہ ہوتا ہے اسلئے اس کو عید کہتے ہیں عید کی وجہ تسمیہ کے متعلق بعض علماء کا کہنا ہے کہ عید کو اس لئے عید کہا گیا ہے کہ اس دن مسلمانوں سے کہا جاتا ہے (اللہ تعالیٰ فرماتا ہے) کہ اب تم مغفور ہو کر اپنے گھروں اور مقامات کو لوٹ جاؤ۔ بعض علماء نے فرمایا کہ اس کو عید اس لئے کہا گیا کہ اس میں وعدہ و وعید کا ذکر ہے ، باندی اور غلام کی آزادی کا دن ہے، حق تعالیٰ اس دن اپنی قریب اور بعید مخلوق کی طرف توجہ فرماتا ہے ، کمزور و ناتواں بندے اپنے رب کے سامنے گناہوں سے توبہ اور رجوع کرتے ہیں ۔ (غنیہ الطالبین صفحہ٤٠٤ اور ٤٠٥)

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عید منانے کا اسلامی طریقہ


عید الفطر کے مستحب کام :

(١) حجامت بنوانا (٢) ناخن ترشوانا (٣) غسل کرنا (٤) مسواک کرنا (٥) اچھے کپڑے پہننا نیا ہو تو بہتر ورنہ دھلا ہوا ہو ۔ (٦) ساڑھے چار ماشہ چاندی کی انگوٹھی پہننا ۔ (٧) خوشبو لگانا۔ (٨) فجرکی نماز محلہ کی مسجد میں ادا کرنا۔ (٩) نبی کریم اکی بارگاہ میں بصد خلوص درود و سلام کا نذرانہ پیش کرنا (١٠) عید گاہ میں جلدی جانا (١١) عید گاہ کو پیدل جانا (١٢) واپسی پر دوسرا راستہ اختیار کرناراستے میں تکبیرتشریق پڑھتے ہوئے جانا (١٣) نمازعید کو جانے سے پہلے چند کھجوریں کھالینا۔ (١٤) تین یا پانچ یا سات یا کم و بیش مگر طاق ہوں کھجوریں نہ ہوں تو کوئی میٹھی چیز کھالے۔ نماز سے پہلے کچھ نہ کھایا تو گنہگار نہ ہوگا مگر عشاء تک نہ کھایا تو گنہگار بھی ہوگا اورعتاب بھی کیا جائے گا۔ (١٥) نماز عید کے بعد معانقہ و مصافحہ کرنا اور رمضان کی کامیابیوں پر مبارکباد اور عید کی مبارکباد دینا۔ (١٦) سُبْحَانَ اللّٰہِ وَ بِحَمْدِہٖ ٣٠٠ مرتبہ پڑھنا بے حد اجر و ثواب کا باعث ہے۔

عید کے دن کا انمول وظیفہ:

حضور اکرم، سرورِ کائنات صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہٖ وسلم نے فرمایا : جس نے عید کے دن تین سو بار یہ ورد پڑھا سُبْحَانَ اللّٰہِ وَ بِحَمْدِہ (اللہ پاک ہے اور اس کی حمد ہے) پھر اس کا ثواب تمام مسلمان مُردوں کو بخش دیا، تو ہر قبر میں ایک ہزارا نوار داخل ہوں گے اور جب یہ آدمی فوت ہوگا تو اللہ تعالیٰ اس کی قبر میں بھی ایک ہزارا نوار داخل کرے گا۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٩٢)

رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی عید:

حضرت ِ جابر بن سمرہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت ہے کہ میں نے رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے ساتھ عید کی نمازیں ادا کی ہیں اور ہر دفعہ انہیں اذان اور اقامت کے بغیر ہی ادا کیا ۔ (مسلم شریف )

نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی یہ عادت شریفہ تھی کہ عید کی نماز ہمیشہ جامع مسجد کے باہر یا کسی اور جگہ کھلے میدان میں پڑھنے کا حکم دیتے، البتہ ایک دفعہ جب بارش ہوئی تو آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے مسجد میں ہی نماز ادا کرلی۔ (بخاری شریف)

حضور سرورِ عالم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم جب عید گاہ کیلئے روانہ ہوتے تو راستے میں اور نمازِ عید شروع کرنے سے قبل تک تکبیر پڑھتے رہتے ، اسے بلند آواز سے پڑھتے، اور واپس ہمیشہ دوسرے راستہ سے آتے، لیکن واپسی کے وقت تکبیر نہیں پڑھتے۔ (بخاری شریف، سننِ کبریٰ بیہقی)

رسول اکرم محبوبِ معظم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے حضرت عمرو بن حزم رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ کو (جب وہ نجران میں تھے ) خط لکھا کہ عید الاضحی کی نماز جلدی پڑھاؤ اور عید الفطر کی دیر سے اور اس کے بعد لوگوں کو وعظ و نصیحت کرو ۔ (مسند امام شافعی)

صحابہ کرام رضوان اللہ تعالی علیہم اجمعین کی عید:

حضرت عمر رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ نے اپنے بیٹے کو عید کے دن دیکھا، اس کی قمیض پرانی تھی، تو رو پڑے۔ اس نے کہا: آپ کیوں روتے ہیں ؟ فرمایا: اے بیٹا ! مجھے خطرہ ہے عید کے دن تیرا دل ٹوٹ جائے گا، جب بچے تمہیں یہ پُرانی قمیض پہنے دیکھیں گے۔ اس نے کہا: دل اس کا ٹوٹتا ہے جس کو اللہ تعالیٰ کی رضا حاصل نہ ہو، یا اس نے ماں باپ کی نافرمانی کی ہو اور مجھے امید ہے کہ آپ کی رضا کے باعث اللہ تعالیٰ مجھے سے راضی ہوگا۔ حضرت عمر رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ روپڑے اور اسے سینہ سے لگالیا اور اس کے لیے دعا کی۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب ، صفحہ ٦٩٣)

عید کے دن حضرت علی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ کی خدمت میں ایک شخص حاضر ہوا آپ اس وقت بھوسی کی روٹی کھارہے تھے ، اس نے عرض کیا کہ آج عید کا دن ہے اور آپ چوکر (بھوسی) کی روٹی کھارہے ہیں ؟ آپ نے جواب دیا آج عید تو اس کی ہے جس کا روزہ قبول ہو، جس کی محنت مشکور ہو، اور جس کے گناہ بخش دیے گئے ہوں ۔ آج کا دن بھی ہمارے لئے عید کا دن ہے کل بھی ہمارے لئے عید ہوگی اور ہر دن ہمارے لئے عید کا دن ہے جس دن ہم اللہ تعالیٰ کی نافرمانی نہ کریں ۔ (غنیۃ الطالبین صفحہ ٤١١)

اہم نکتہ:

عید کی نماز سے فارغ ہوکر لوگ عید گاہ سے لوٹتے ہیں ، کوئی گھر کو جاتا ہے ، کوئی دکان کو اور کوئی مسجد کو تو اس وقت یہ حالت دیکھ کر مسلمان کو چاہیے کہ اس منظر اور کیفیت کو یاد کرے کہ اس طرح لوگ قیامت میں جزا و سزا دینے والے بادشاہ کے حضور سے جنت اور دوزخ کی طرف لوٹ کر جائیں گے، جیسا کہ حق تعالیٰ کا ارشاد ہے:

وَتُنْذِرَ یَوْمَ الْجَمْعِ لَا رَیْبَ فِیْہِ فَرِیْقٌ فِی الْجَنَّۃِ وَفَرِیْقٌ فِی السَّعِیْرِ (پارہ ٢٥،سورۃ شوریٰ، آیت ٧)
اور تم ڈراؤ اکٹھے ہونے کے دن سے جس میں کچھ شک نہیں ، ایک گروہ جنت میں ہے اور ایک گروہ دوزخ میں (ترجمہ کنز الایمان ، غنیہ الطالبین صفحہ ٤١٢)

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اسلامی تہوار مثالی معاشرے کے قیام کی ضمانت


اقوامِ عالم مختلف مواقع پر خوشیوں کے اظہار کیلئے اجتماعی طور پر تہوار مناتی ہیں ، یہ تہوار مذہبی روایات اور قومی جذبات کے آئینہ دار ہوتے ہیں ۔ لیکن یہ ایک امر مسلّمہ ہے کہ اسلامی تہوار محض تفریحِ طبع کیلئے منعقد نہیں ہوتے بلکہ اسلامی معاشرے کو خوشحالی اور فلاحی بنانے کا ذریعہ ہوتے ہیں ۔ مختلف ادیان و مذاہب کے ماننے والے جتنے تہوار مناتے ہیں اسے ہر طرح کے مادّی سازو سامان سے معمور رکھتے ہیں ۔عیش و عشرت، راگ و موسیقی، نغمہ و سرود، شراب و شباب اور میلوں تماشوں میں محو و مگن ہوتے ہیں ۔ بحمدہ تعالیٰ مسلمانوں کے تمام تہوار ، دینی شعار کی طرح صرف ذاتی خوشی کیلئے نہیں بلکہ اللہ ل کی رضا کیلئے ہوتے ہیں ، ان تہواروں کا انعقاد اللہ ل اور اس کے پیارے محبوب علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام کے احکام پر عمل کے نتیجے میں ہوتا ہے۔ اسی لیے تہوار کاآغاز ہی اللہ تعالیٰ کی کبریائی کے اعلان اور اس کے ذکر و اذکار سے ہوتا ہے۔ اسلامی تہوار غم گساری بھی سکھاتا ہے کہ اپنے دوسرے مسلمان بھائیوں کے معاشی استحکام کیلئے ایک متمول مسلمان اپنا کردار ادا کرے۔ بین المسلمین مواخات کے رشتے اسلامی تہوار کے ذریعے مضبوط اور مربوط ہوتے ہیں ۔ مسلمانوں کا باہم ایک دوسرے سے معانقہ کرنا ، مصافحہ کرنا ، رمضان کی مبارکباد پیش کرنا ، تراویح و تسبیحات کی قبولیت کی ایک دوسرے کے حق میں دعا کرنا ، ایک دوسرے کے حق میں مغفرت کی دعا کرنا ، تحائف کا تبادلہ کرنا اور طعام کی دعوت دیناوغیرہ، ایک اخلاقی ،مثالی اور فلاحی معاشرے کے قیام کی ضمانت دیتے ہیں ۔یہ معمولات و عادات زندہ مسلمانوں کے درمیان ہی نظر نہیں آتے ہیں بلکہ مسلمانوں کے تہوار اپنے پیش رو مرحومین کو بھی نظر انداز نہیں کرتے ، نماز ِ عید کی ادائیگی کے بعد اور برادرانِ اسلام سے ملاقات کے بعد قبرستان جانا اور مسلمان مرحومین کے حق میں دعائے مغفرت کرنا ، سنّت ِ متواترہ ہے۔

حضور غوث الثقلین شیخ عبد القادر جیلانی رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ، فرماتے ہیں ، ”مسلمان کی عید ، طاعت و بندگی کی علامات کے ظاہر ہونے سے ہے، گناہوں اور خطاؤں سے دوری کی بنیاد پر ہے ، سیأات کے عوض حسنات (نیکیوں ) کے حصول اور درجات کی بلندی کی بشارت ملنے پر ہے ، اللہ تعالیٰ جل شانہ، کی طرف سے خلعتیں ، بخششیں اور کرامتیں حاصل ہونے کے باعث ہے، مسلمان کو نورِ ایمان سے معمور سینہ کی روشنی ، قوتِ یقین اور دوسری نمایاں علامات کے سبب دل میں سکون پیدا ہوتا ہے پھر دل کے اتھاہ سمندر سے علوم و فنون اور حکمتوں کا بیان زبان پر رواں ہوجانے سے عید کی حقیقی مسرتیں حاصل ہوتی ہیں ۔” (غنیہ الطالبین ، صفحہ ٤١٠ ، ٤١١)

شوال کے چھ روزے:

شوال میں (عید کے دوسرے دن سے ) چھ دن روزے رکھنا بڑا ثواب ہے جس مسلمان نے رمضان المبارک اور ماہِ شوال میں چھ ٦ روزے رکھے تو اس نے گویا سارے سال کے روزے رکھے یعنی پورے سال کے روزوں کا ثواب ملتا ہے۔ سیدنا حضرت ابو ایوب انصاری رضی اللہ عنہ، سے روایت ہے حضور رحمۃ اللعالمین صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے ارشاد فرمایا کہ:

مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ اَتْبَعَہ، سِتًّا مِّنْ شَوَّالِ کَانَ کَصِیَامِ الدَّہْرِ۔ رواہ البخاری و مسلم (مشکوٰۃ صفحہ ١٧٩)
جس آدمی نے رمضان شریف کے روزے رکھے۔ اور پھر ان کے ساتھ چھ روزے شوال کے ملائے تو اس نے گویا تمام عمر روزے رکھے۔

نوٹ:

حضور اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے فرمان ”تمام عمر روزے رکھنے” کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ رمضان شریف کے علاوہ ہر ماہِ شوال میں چھ ٦ روزے رکھے جائیں تو تمام عمر روزے رکھنے کا ثواب ملے گا۔ اگر اس نے صرف ایک ہی سال یہ روزے رکھے تو سال کے روزوں کا ثواب ملے گا۔ پھر یہ روزے اکٹھے رکھے جائیں یا الگ الگ ، ہر طرح جائز ہیں مگر بہتر یہ ہے کہ ان کو متفرق طور پر رکھا جائے۔ یہی حنفی مذہب ہے۔ (فضائل الایام والشہور صفحہ ٤٤٧بحوالہ لمعات حاشیہ مشکوۃ صفحہ ١٧٩)

شوال میں ایامِ بیض کے روزے

علاوہ ازیں ماہِ شوال میں متذکرہ چھ ٦ روزوں کے علاوہ ١٣، ١٤، ١٥ چاند کی تاریخوں (ایامِ بیض) میں اسی طرح روزے رکھے جاسکتے ہیں جیسا کہ دیگر مہینوں میں انہی ایام میں رکھتے ہیں ۔اس حوالے سے صحاح ستّہ (بخاری ، مسلم ، ابو داؤد، ترمذی، نسائی ، ابن ماجہ شریف ) میں کئی روایات ملتی ہیں ۔

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ماہِ شوال میں وقوع پذیر ہونے والے اہم واقعات


٭ پہلی نماز عید ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢ہجری ٭ غزوہ بنی قینقاع۔۔۔۔۔۔٢ہجری ٭ غزوہ احد۔۔۔۔۔۔، ٣ہجری ٭ شہادت حضرت حمزہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣ ہجری٭ غزوہ خندق (الاحزاب) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥ہجری ٭ حضور علیہ الصلوٰۃ و السلام نے “طائف” کا محاصرہ فرمایا۔۔۔۔۔۔٨ھ٭ وفات حضرت ابو قحافہص (والد حضرت ابو بکر رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٤ ہجری ٭ جنگ قادسیہ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٥ہجری ٭ فتح بیت المقدس شریف۔۔۔۔۔۔١٦ ہجری ٭ امّ کلثوم بنت فاطمۃ الزہرہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہما کا نکاح حضرت ِ عمر رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے۔۔۔۔۔۔١٧ ہجری٭  وفات ہرقل قیصرروم۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٠ ہجری ٭ وفات ابن کعب۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٢ہجری ٭ تکمیل فتح آذر بائیجان۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٨ہجری ٭ وفات الحکم۔۔۔۔۔۔٣١ہجری ٭ وفات عبداللہ بن مسعود رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٢ہجری ٭ امارت ابو موسیٰ اشعری بر کوفہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٤ہجری ٭ وفات حضرت حذیفہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٦ہجری ٭ وفات صہیب رومی ص۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٣٨ہجری٭ وفات عمرو بن العاص رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٤ہجری ٭ ابتداء فتوحات بخارا تاشقند۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٤ہجری ٭ فتح خوارزم۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٢ ہجری ٭ قتل مختار ثقفی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٧ہجری ٭ وفات ابو واقد اللیشی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٨ہجری ٭ شام میں طاعون کی وبا۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٩ہجری ٭ وفات خلیفہ عبدالملک و خلافت ولید۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٥ہجری ٭ وفات عتبہ بن عبید رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٧ہجری ٭ حضرت زین العابدین رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ کی زہر سے شہادت۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٤ہجری/جولائی ٧١٣ء ٭ وفات حجاج بن یوسف ثقفی۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٥ہجری ٭ وفات ابو عثمان النہدی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٠ہجری ٭ وفات سکینہ بنت حسین رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہما۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٧ہجری ٭ وفات حافظ قتادہ محدث۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٨ہجری ٭ وفات معاویہ بن ہشام ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٩ہجری ٭ وفات امیر مدینہ ابو بکر الانصاری ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٠ہجری ٭ وفات یحییٰ النحوی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٨ہجری ٭ وفات قاضی دمشق یزید بن عبداللہ بن عبدالملک۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٠ہجری ٭ وفاتِ فضیلۃ الشیخ حضرت ایوب السختیانی تابعی علیہ الرحمۃ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣١ہجری ٭ اندلس میں اموی حکومت ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٨ہجری/مارچ ٧٥٦ء ٭ وفات حجاج بن ارطاط۔۔۔۔۔۔١٤٩ہجری ٭ قتل عبداللہ الاشتر۔۔۔۔۔۔١٥١ہجری ٭ بغداد میں قصر الخلد کی تعمیر۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٥٧ہجری ٭ وفات ابو الحرث الفقیہہ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٥٩ہجری ٭ وفات قاضی ابو بکر بن ابی سیرہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٦٢ہجری ٭ وفات خالد برمکی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٦٥ہجری ٭ وفات سلیمان بن بلا ل علیہ الرحمۃ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٧٢ہجری ٭ وفات فضل بن یحییٰ برمکی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٩٢ہجری ٭ وفات فقیہہ اندلس زیاد۔۔۔۔۔۔١٩٣ہجری ٭ وفات عبدالرحمن المحاربی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٩٥ہجری ٭ حضرت علامہ معن بن عیسیٰ (ابو یحییٰ) تلمیذ امام مالک ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٩٨ھ ٭ وفات یونس بن بکیر۔۔۔۔۔۔١٩٩ہجری ٭ اعلان ولی عہدی امام علی رضا ابن امام موسی کاظم علیہ الرحمۃ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٠١ہجری ٭ وفات حافظ ابو داؤد طیالسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٠٤ہجری ٭ بنیادِ دولتِ طاہریہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٠٥ہجری ٭ وفات امام فراء نحوی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٠٧ہجری ٭ وفات عبدالرزاق بن الہمام صنعانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢١١ہجری ٭ مازیار کی بغاوت۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٢٤ہجری ٭ وفات الحافظ ابو الولید الطیالسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٢٧ہجری ٭ وفات لقیم بن حماد۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٢٨ہجری ٭ وفات الحکم القنطری۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٣٢ہجری ٭ وفات حاتم الاصم الزاہد۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٣٧ہجری ٭ مروہ میں وبائی زکام ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٢٤٠ہجری ٭ قتل متوکل ، خلافتِ المنتصر۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٤٧ہجری ٭ وفات امام بخاری علیہ الرحمۃ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥٦ ہجری٭ رومیوں کا ملطیہ پر حملہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥٩ہجری ٭ وفات شیخ الاطباء حسین الشعرانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٦٠ہجری ٭ وفات بایزید بسطامی علیہ الرحمۃ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٦١ہجری ٭ وفات یعقوب صفار بانی حکومت صفاریہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٦٦ہجری ٭ وفات امام حضرت ابو داؤد (صاحبِ سنن) ١٦شوال ،٢٧٥ہجری ٭ وفات حضرت شیخ ابو سعید الخراز ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٨٦ہجری ٭ وفات فقیہہ عثمان الانماطی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٨٨ہجری ٭ وفات ابو العباس الہروی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٩٢ہجری ٭ وفات قاضی یوسف الازدی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٩٧ہجری ٭ وفات حضرت جنید بغدادی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٢٩٨ ہجری ٭ وفات فقیہہ مغرب ابو عثمان الحداد۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٠٢ہجری ٭ وفات ابراہیم الانماطی المفسر ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٣٠٣ ہجری ٭ وفات امام ابن جریر طبری مؤرخ و مفسر۔۔۔۔۔۔٣١٠ہجری ٭ دریائے دجلہ منجمد ہوگیا ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٣١٤ ہجری ٭ قتل عباسی خلیفہ المقتدر بااللہ و خلافت القاہر البغدادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٧شوال،٣٢٠ہجری ٭ بغداد میں شدید بادوباراں ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٢٧ہجری ٭ وفات ابو بکر ابن الانباری۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٢٨ہجری ٭ وفات اسحق البحرجانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٣٣٧ہجری ٭ خلافت ِ مطیع اللہ میں حجرِ اسود کو ٢٠ سال بعد کعبہ میں واپس لایا گیا۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٣٣٩ہجری٭ وفات المنصور العبیدی۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٤١ہجری ٭ وصال علامہ ابو الحسین عبد الباقی بن قانع ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥١ ہجری ٭ وفات حافظ عبدالباقی بن مزروقی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥١ہجری ٭ وفات ابن حبان مشہور محدث۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥٤ہجری ٭ وفات کافور الا خشیدی (حبشی غلام ، متنبی کا ہمعصر اور مصرو شام کا والی و حاکم) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥٦ہجری ٭ رومیوں کا حمص پر حملہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥٨ہجری ٭ وفات ابو بکر عبد العزیز الحنبلی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٦٣ہجری ٭ قتل عزالدولہ بن معز الدولہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٦٧ہجری ٭ وفات عضد الدولہ ابن بویہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٧٢ہجری ٭ ملتان پر جلم بن شیبان قرامطی اسماعیلی کا قبضہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٧٣ہجری ٭ وفات ابو احمد العسکری۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٨٢ہجری ٭ وفات الولید الغمری الاندلسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٩٢ہجری ٭ وفات (ماہر فلکیات ، ہیت دان ) ابن یونس الصدفی مؤجدِ لوگارتھم۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٩٩ھ ٭ بحالیِ خلافت محمد المہدی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠٠ ہجری ٭ محمود غزنوی کا ملتان پر قبضہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠١ہجری ٭ بحالی سلیمان الاموی الاندلسی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤٠٣ہجری ٭ وفات ابو محمد بن الاکفانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠٥ہجری ٭ وفات امام ابو حامد الاسفراینی (چوتھی صدی کے مجدد) ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤٠٦ ہجری ٭ وفات المالینی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤١٢ہجری ٭ وفات سلطان شرف الدولہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤١٦ ہجری ٭ وفات محمود غزنوی و تخت نشینی مسعود غزنوی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٢١ہجری ٭ سلجوقیوں کی حکومت کا آغاز۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٢٩ہجری ٭ وفات ابولحسن مکی صاحبِ اعراب القرآن۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٣٠ہجری ٭ وفات ابو طاہر الغباری ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٣٢ہجری ٭ وفات حافظ ابو ذر الفقیہہ المالکی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٣٤ہجری ٭ وفات سلطان جلال الدولہ ویلمی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٣٥ہجری ٭ وفات ابو طالب البزاز۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٤٠ ہجری ٭ وفات ابو عمر والدانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٤٤ہجری ٭ وفات تاج الائمہ ابو العباس المصری۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٤٥ہجری ٭ وفات ابو عبداللہ بن ماکولا۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٤٧ہجری ٭ وفات ملک شاہ سلجوقی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٨٥ہجری ٭ وفات المعتمد علی اللہ الاندلسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٨٨ہجری ٭ وفات ابو الفوارس الہاشمی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٩١ہجری ٭ فیروز کوہ میں غوریوں کی ابتداء ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٩٣ ہجری ٭ مودود والی اندلس کو ایک باطنی نے عید کی نماز میں قتل کردیا۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٠٧ہجری ٭ حکومتِ ارسلان شاہ غزنوی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٠٨ہجری ٭ وفات علی بن بنہان الکاتب۔۔۔۔۔۔٥١١ہجری ٭ وفات ابو علی بن المہدی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥١٥ ہجری ٭ وفات حسین فراء البغوی (مفسر) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥١٦ہجری ٭ وفات ابن الفاعوس۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٢١ہجری ٭ الآمر خلیفہ فاطمی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٢٤ہجری ٭ وفات سلطان محمود سلجوقی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٢٥ہجری ٭ وفات ابو بکر بن التبان الواسطی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٤٤ہجری ٭ وفات ابو الفتوح الطائی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٥٥ہجری ٭ نور الدین نے فرنگیوں کو قلعات سے نکال دیا۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٦١ہجری ٭ وفات قطب الدین مسعود والی موصل۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٥٦٥ ہجری ٭ وفات علامہ ابو محمد بن الخشاب ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٦٧ہجری ٭ وفات ابو نزار الحسن النحوی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٦٨ہجری ٭ وفات نور الدین محمود زنگی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٦٩ہجری ٭ وفات حامد ابن ابی الحجر۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٧٠ھ ٭ وفات عمر اُنز حاکم سندھ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٥٧٣ ہجری ٭ شہاب غوری کا لاہور پر قبضہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٨٢ہجری ٭ وفات ابو طاہر التمیمی۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٥٨٧ہجری ٭ وفات شیخ عبدالوہاب جیلانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٩٣ہجری ٭ وفات ابو علی الفارسی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٩٤ ہجری ٭ وفات امام فخرالدین رازی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٠٦ ہجری ٭ ولادت مخدوم شرف الدین یحییٰ منیری ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٦١ ہجری ٭ قتل کافور ملک۔۔۔۔۔۔٧١٦ہجری ٭ وفات برہان الرشیدی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٤٩ ہجری ٭ وفات مخدوم شرف الدین یحییٰ منیری ۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٨٢ہجری ٭ خلافت المعتصم دوبارہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٨٧ ہجری ٭ وفات حضرت خواجہ صوفی کمال خجندی تبریزی۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٩٢ ہجری ٭ وفات الظاہر برقوق ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٠١ہجری٭ حرم کعبہ میں آگ لگی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٠٢ ہجری ٭ وفات قاضی القضاۃ صدر الدین المناوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٠٣ہجری ٭ وفات جمال الدین یوسف الحمودی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٠٩ہجری ٭ وفات صاحب قاموس مجد الدین الفیروز آبادی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨١٧ ہجری ٭ وفات بدرالدین بن قاضی غازی اسرائیل (معروف صوفی) ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨١٩ ہجری ٭ وفات نور الدین بن سلامہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٢٨ہجری ٭ وفات ابو بکر محمد بن محمد عاصم مالکی نحوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١شوال، ٨٢٩ہجری ٭ وفات تاج الدین محدث بعلبکی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٣٠ہجری ٭ وفات ابن الرسام الحلبی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٤٤ہجری ٭ حکومت علاؤالدین عالم شاہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٤٩ہجری ٭ خلافت سلیمان قانونی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٢٦ہجری ٭ وفات شیخ زادہ الحنفی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٧١ہجری ٭ وفات امام عبدالوہاب الشعرانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٧٣ہجری٭  برہان الملک اول نواب اودھ کا والی ہوا ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٣٣ ہجری ٭ وفات سردار دوست محمد خان بانی ریاست بھوپال۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٣٩ہجری ٭ وفات ارادت خان واضح ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٥٧ہجری ٭ جنگ پلاسی۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٧٠ہجری ٭ خلافت عبدالحمید اول سلطنتِ عثمانیہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٨٧ہجری ٭ ایران پر قاچاری حکومت کی ابتدا۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢١٠ہجری ٭ طائف پر وہابیوں کا قبضہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥شوال ، ١٢١٧ہجری/١٨فروری ١٢٠٢ء ٭ وفات عبدالعزیز محدث دہلوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٣٩ ہجری (مجدد قرن سیز دہم) ٭ ولادت ِ اعلیٰ حضرت امام احمد رضا ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١شوال ١٢٧٢ہجری٭ وفات میر انیس (مرثیہ گو شیعہ شاعر) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٩١ہجری ٭ وفات سید جمال الدین افغانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣١٤ہجری ٭ زارِ روس ختم کمیونسٹ حکومت کی ابتداء ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٣٥ہجری/جولائی ١٩١٦ء ٭ وفات مولانا شوکت علی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٥٧ہجری /١٩٣٨ء ٭ وفات ابو المحاسن سجاد (بہار) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٥٩ہجری/١٩٤٠ء ٭ وفات خوشی محمد ناظر۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٣٦٣ ہجری/١٩٤٠ء ٭ وفات حبیب الرحمن خاں شیروانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٣٦٩ ہجری ٭ وفات مولانا شاہ احمد نورانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٦شوال ١٤٢٤ہجری/١١دسمبر ٢٠٠٣ء ٭ عراقی صدر صدام حسین کی تکریت سے گرفتاری ۔۔۔۔۔۔بروز ہفتہ، ١٨شوال، ١٤٢٤ہجری /١٣دسمبر٢٠٠٣ء

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شوال المکرم میں وفات پانے والے مشہور اولیاء و بزرگانِ دین رحمہم اللّٰہ


یکم شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت ابو خذافہ احمد بن اسمعیل سہمے ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥٠ھ ٭ حضرت سیدی ابو عبداللہ محمد بن اسمٰعیل بخاری (صاحبِ صحیح) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عبداللہ محمد طاقی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤١٦ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ عارف ریوگری ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٦١٦ھ/٧١٥ھ ٭ حضرت علاؤالدین صابری ثانی عرف موج دریا ۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٢٣ھ ٭ حضرت ظہور حاجی ظہور۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ میر حمزہ بن امیر کلاں ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٠٨ھ ٭ حضرت سید سرور دین حضوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١١٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت ابو سعید نقشبندی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٢٥٠ھ ٭  علامہ ماجد علی حنفی جونپوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٥٢ھ

٢ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت ابوعلی رودباری ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٢٢ھ ٭ حضرت ابو بکر زین الدین خوانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٣٨ھ ٭ مخدوم سید علاؤالدین سنڈیلہ

٣ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سیدی انوار الحسین عبدالباقی بن قانع۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥١ھ ٭ حضرت ابوالمجد مجدود بن آدم معروف بحکیم سنائی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٢٥ھ ٭ حضرت ابو صالح صفات نوری احمر قانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٩٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ حسوتیلی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠١٢ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ محمد صدیق کشمی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٥١ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ محمد نقشبندی سیف زمان ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١١٥٣ھ ٭ حضرت مولوی محمد حسین ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٤٥ھ ٭ حضرت مخدوم سید شوکت حسین گیلانی (اولاد حضرت موسیٰ پاک شہید، رہنما تحریک پاکستان) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٤٠٢ھ

٤ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سید شاہ جلال راضی بخاری گلسرخ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٥٨ھ٭ حضرت دیوان محمد شہاب الدین ۔۔۔۔۔۔٩١٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ رکن الدین صابری گنگوہی۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٨٣ھ ٭ حضرت میاں جیو نور محمد صابری جہنجہانوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٥٩ھ ٭ حضرت مولوی کریم اللہ دہلوی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٩٠ھ ٭ مولوی سائیں غلام محمد قادری المعروف پیر جلو آنوی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٧٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کاظم علی ٭ سید بدرالدین رفاعی

٥ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سیف الدین عبدالوہاب بن غوث الاعظم۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ شرف الدین المعروف بہ مصلح الدین محمد سعدی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٩١ھ ٭ حضرت سراج الدین عثمان اخی چراغ غنی الارواح۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد غوث بالا پیر۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٥٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ باقی اکبر آبادی۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٠٦٥ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد اسمٰعیل مدرس عرف میاں وڈا سہروردی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٨٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کریم عطا چشتی نظامی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٤٨ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ محمد اکبر علی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٩١ھ

٦ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالرزاق بن غوث اعظم۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٢٣ھ٭  حضرت ابو اسحق ابراہیم بن غوث الاعظم ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٢٣ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ شرف الدین احمد یحییٰ منیری۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٨٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ امین الدین ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالرزاق بانسوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١١٣٦ھ ٭ حضرت مولوی سخاوت علی جونپوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٢٧٤ھ٭ حضرت خواجہ عثمان ہاروَنی

٧ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت اویس قرنی ص۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٩ھ٭ حضرت مولانا شاہ عبدالعزیز محدث دہلوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٣٩ھ ٭ عرس آسی غازی پوری

٨ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سوید بن سعید ہروی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٤٠ھ

٩ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو العباس بغدادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ معمر چشتی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤٢٥ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ خانون انکوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٠٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد سلطان مرگ نینی۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٥٨ھ ٭ عزیز اللہ مشاہدی بنگلہ دیشی

١٠ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت خواجہ احمد کھتو دہلوی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٥٩ھ ٭ مولانا احسان علی بہاری٭ استاذ العلماء یادگار اسلاف حضرت مفتی محمد عبد اللہ نعیمی شہید (بانی دارالعلوم مجددیہ نعیمیہ) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٤٠٢ھ

١١ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت شیخ زبیر بن واحد۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٣ھ٭ حضرت ابو سعید احمد مالینی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤١٢ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ بہاؤالدین۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٢٨ھ٭ حضرت سیدشرف الدین۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٩٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالصمد گنگوہی۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٨٩ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالرحمن چشتی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ جبار احمد سہیل تستری ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٠٩١ ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ شرف الدین کشمیری۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٣٥ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ خواجہ سعد الدین مجددی۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٥٢ھ ٭ مغل حکمران اورنگزیب عالمگیرمجدد بارہویں صدی ہجری ٭  شیخ عظیم الدین بڑودہ

١٢ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت ابو القاسم قرشی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٦٥ھ ٭ حضرت ابو نصر محمد ہرولی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت قطب الدین سید کبیر۔۔۔۔۔۔٦١٩ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالرحمن مرعشی۔۔۔۔۔۔٧١٥ھ ٭ حضرت مخدوم اخی جمشید راجگیری ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨٠١ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالقدوس قلندر عرف شاہ قدن۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٥٢ھ

١٣ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سید علی فیض آبادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بڈھن چشتی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨٩٩ ٭ حضرت سید آدم بنوری۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٥٣ھ ٭ حضرت سید امام علی شاہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٨٢ھ ٭ علامہ محمد فاروق چریاکوٹی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٢٧ھ٭ خواجہ غلام سدید الدین تونسوی (رہنما تحریک پاکستان) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٧٩ھ

١٤ شوال المکرم

٭ سیدتنا زینب رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨ھ٭ حضرت عبداللہ بن عباس رضی اللہ عنہما ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٨ھ ٭ حضرت بابو عبدالرحمن مدنی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٠٥ھ ٭ حضرت عقبۃ الغلام بغدادی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٦٧ھ٭ حضرت محمد صبیح ابن سماک۔۔۔۔۔۔١٨٣ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ ابو ہزیل بصمدی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٣١ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ سدید الدین حذیفہ مرعشی رکن الکعبہ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥٤ھ ٭ حضرت ابو یحییٰ زکریا نیشاپوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٩٤ھ ٭  حضرت ابو اسحق ابو القاسم حکیم سمرقندی۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٤٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ جعفر بن الیاس ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٣٤٧ھ٭ حضرت ابو الحسن صوفی۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥٠ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ موفق الدین مقدسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٢٠ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ شہاب الدین بغدادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٩١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الفتح سمنانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٧١٧ھ ٭ حضرت عیسیٰ والحق پنڈوی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٤٦ھ٭ حضرت سید راجو قتال ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨٦٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاد ابراہیم بھکری۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٧١ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد عبید مدنی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٩٣ھ ٭  حضرت حافظ سلطان اوبہے ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ جیون حیرت مقام۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٢٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ مبارک خیر محمد چشتی۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٨٣ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ رضا سرہندی۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابو تراب عرف شاہ گدا حسینی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٧١ ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ مانون شاہ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت حافظ نیاز اللہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٦٩ھ ٭ حضرت فتح دین قادری۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٥٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید عظیم الدین بابا

١٥ شوال المکرم

٭  حضرت سیدالشہدا سیدنا حمزہ بن عبدالمطلبص (عمِ نبی کریم ا) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣ھ ٭ حضرت سیدی عبدالرزاق (صاحب مصنف) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢١١ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ یحییٰ بن عمار شیبانی ہراتی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠٢ھ ٭ حضرت ابو اسحق ابراہیم مغربی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ الاسلام ابو نصر احمد جام زندہ فیل۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٣٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ماجد کُردی۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٦١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ جلال تبریزی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٤٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد غیاث نور بخش۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عثمان معنی صفات۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٨٥ھ ٭ حضرت قاضی دولت شاہ چشتی یسوی بخاری۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٢٦ھ ٭ حضرت اخوند عبداللہ کشمیری ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٧١ھ ٭ حضرت مقیم السنہ ملا عبداللہ یسوی ٹویگری٭ حضرت علامہ عبدالمصطفیٰ اعظمی

١٦ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سیدی ابو داؤد سلیمان سجستان (صاحب سنن) ۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٧٥ھ ٭ حضرت ابو محمد ابراہیم بن احمد صوفی۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٤١ھ ٭ حضرت محمد امان عرف محمد مانکیل۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٨٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الحسن طرابلسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ علیم الدین بن خواجہ احمد دیسوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٥٨٩ھ٭ حضرت خواجہ عثمان ہاروتی تکبیر الخلاصی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت ابوالغیث جمیل یمنی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٥١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الحیات نجم الدین۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٧١ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ نجم الدین احمد کبیر فردوسی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٨١ھ ٭ حضرت سید بہاؤالدین ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٩١٢ھ ٭ حضرت مخدوم شیخ سارنگ چشتی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت اخون سالاک ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٠٢٧ ھ ٭ حضرت عروۃ الوثقی سرہندی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٢٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد چشتی آستائی۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٢٦ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ مصطفی مقیدالطف۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٦٤ھ ٭ حضرت مولوی محمد عظیم۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد صادق عاشق الواحدیت۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٠٠ھ

١٧ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سیدی ابو یحییٰ معنبن عیسٰی (جامع موطا امام مالک) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٩٨ھ٭ حضرت امیرحسینی حسن بن سید عالم۔۔۔۔۔۔٧١٨ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الحسن یمین الدین امیرخسرو دہلوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٧٢٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالعزیز بن اسحق۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٣٥ھ ٭ حضرت سید قطب علوی بخاری ٭ علامہ محمود حسن حنفی افغانی نجیب آبادی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٦٣ھ

١٨ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت خواجہ امین الدین ہبیرہ بصری سپرد ملائک۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٨٢ھ ٭ حضرت بہاؤالدین بہاول شیر قلندر۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٧٣ھ٭ حضرت سید عبدالفتاح دہلوی ٭ حضرت خواجہ عبدالسلام کشمیری۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٧١ھ ٭ حضرت مولوی غلام مصطفی نو شاہی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٨٤ھ ٭ شیخ الحدیث و التفسیر علامہ عبد القدیر حسرت حیدرآبادی (مفسر قرآن)

١٩ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت ہلال ابدال مکی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد حلوی بن عبدالصمد ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٧٧٩ھ ٭ حضرت مخدوم شیخ صفی اللہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨١٨ ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد بغدادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٨٢ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ سعید اللہ لکھنوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٢٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت ہرے بھرے شاہ دہلوی٭ شیخ الدلائل علامہ عبد الحق الہ آبادی مہاجر مکی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٣٣ھ٭ پیر حاجی شاہ سید عبد القادر جیلانی (خلیفہ نقیب الاشراف) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٦٣ھ

٢٠ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سید برہان الدین گجراتی ٭ حضرت شاہ حیدر قلندر۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٨٤ ٭ علامہ سید علی نعمت پھلواری جعفری ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٣١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو البرکات سید احمد قادری۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٩٨ھ

٢١ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سیدنا موسیٰ کلیم اللہ علیہ السلام٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالوہاب۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو احمد۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ احمد عارف صابری بطن الولایت۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٨٥٩ھ٭ حضرت شاہ فتح اللہ رزاق العبود۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید ضیاء الدین روشن آفتاب ۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ عبداللہ شاہ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٠٢٥ھ٭ حضرت سرور دین قادری لاہوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبدالوہاب حضوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٣١ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ محمد صالح

٢٢ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت سیدی ابو حاتم محمد المعروف ابن حبان ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٥٤٭ حضرت شیخ احمد بن مبارک خادم غوث الاعظم۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٠٧ھ٭ حضرت شیخ شہاب الدین ایہری۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٣٥ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ علی الحسینی۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٥٧ھ٭ حضرت سید محمد ۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٢٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ جہانگیر سہروردی ۔۔۔۔۔۔٩١٥ھ ٭ حضرت سید احمد باقی الارواح۔۔۔۔۔۔٩٩٠ھ٭ حضرت پیر محمد اعظم قادری۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٧٥ھ ٭ حضرت میران سید شاہ نگرامی

٢٣ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت شیخ فتح السعودی۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٥٧ھ ٭ حضرت میر سید علی بغدادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٣٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ قطب الدین۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا علاؤالدین اودہی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٩٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ طیب رفیقی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٦٦ھ٭ حضرت سیدنا علی قادری ٭ حضرت آدم بنوری٭ علامہ عبد الحق خیر آبادی بن امام فضل حق خیر آبادی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣١٨ھ

٢٤ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت ابو الحسن نوری ہراتی۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٢٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو یعقوب اسحق نہر جوری ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٣٠ھ٭ حضرت ابو الفضل بن کمتاب۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٦٥ھ ٭ حضرت ابو عبداللہ حمدے ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤٦٩ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا عبدالسلام ہنسوی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت مفتی اعجاز ولی خان بریلوی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٣٩٣ھ ٭ حضرت سیدنا شاہ محمد صادق مارہ روی ٭ حضرت بسم اللہ شاہ (بمبئی)

٢٥ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت حبیب اللہ محمد بن امام حسن عسکری۔۔۔۔۔۔٣١٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد بن احمد اجوبنی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٦٥٨ھ ٭ حضرت قاضی شہاب الدین دولت آبادی۔۔۔۔۔۔٨٤٨ھ ٭ حضرت ولی محمد نار نولی ٭ حضرت چونا شاہ بابا

٢٦ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت صوفی شاہ دلاور علی ابولعلائی ٭ حضرت شمس الدین عبدالعزیز بن غوث الاعظم۔۔۔۔۔۔٥٨٩ھ٭ شاہ ضیاء الدین قادری دہلوی

٢٧ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت امام ابو القاسم۔۔۔۔۔۔٢٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت ابو بکر محمد کتانی معروف بہ چراغ حرم ۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٢٣ھ ٭ حضرت محمد اصغر عرف محمد ناصر۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٦٩ھ٭ حضرت ابو القاسم سندوسی ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٤٣١ھ٭ حضرت خواجہ احمد یسوے ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ٥٦٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ نجم الدین رازی۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٦٤ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ سید حسن رسول تما۔۔۔۔۔۔ ١٠٨٨ھ ٭ حضرت میر محمد ہاشم کشمیری۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٣٥ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ محمد بخش امرتسری لاہوری نقشبندی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٦٣ھ

٢٨ شوال المکرم

حضرت شیخ جنید ثانی۔۔۔۔۔۔١١٩٦ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا حافظ عبدالعلی نگرامی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٩٠ھ

٢٩ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت خواجہ اسحق چشتی ٭ حضرت شہاب الدین عاشق خدا۔۔۔۔۔۔٦٦٦ھ٭ حضرت محمد سلیمان خراسانی۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٢٥ھ٭ حضرت مولوی غلام محی الدین بگوی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٧٣ھ٭  علامہ دوست محمد بن محمد امیر حنفی افغانی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٢٨ھ٭ حضرت فتح محمد اچھروی نقشبندی ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٣٥ھ ٭  حضرت سید محمد شاہ الحسینی (دادو) ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٧٩ھ ٭ حضرت پیر سید معصوم شاہ ۔۔۔۔۔۔١٣٨٨ھ

٣٠ شوال المکرم

٭ حضرت ملا عبدالغفور خورجوی۔۔۔۔۔۔١٢٥٩ھ

 
 (رضی اللّٰہ تعالیٰ عنہم ورحمۃ اللّٰہ تعالیٰ علیہم اجمعین)

https://fbcdn-sphotos-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-snc4/59896_429465570333_672380333_5641443_4560674_n.jpg


تحریر:
علامہ نسیم احمد صدیقی مدظلہ عالی
منجانب: انجمن ضیائے طیبہ، کراچی، پاکستان

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | August 30, 2011

The True Essence of Eid al-Fitr‏


In this day and age, many people eagerly await the end of Ramadan and the coming of Eid al-Fitr to gain their ‘freedom’ in order to go back to committing sin and disobeying Almighty Allah . Many people start on the day of Eid itself and engage in shameful and reprehensible behaviour in the name of celebration. We should remember that celebration does not mean committing sin, but rather it involves remembering Allah Ta’ala and being grateful to Allah Ta’ala for showering His Mercy and Bounties upon us. Let us look at the true essence and significance of Eid-ul-Fitr, and the way in which those pious servants close to Almighty Allah celebrated Eid.

Eid is a day of celebration for Muslims, a day of happiness. On this day, Muslims perform two rakaats of prayer, meet one another, shake hands and embrace and give charity to the poor and needy. Islam teaches protecting the poor, helping the helpless, and easing the pain and sufferings of orphans and the meek at every turn, and they should not be forgotten, especially on the day of Eid. That is why Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) ordered us to pay the Sadqa-e-Fitr before performing the Eid Salaah so that Muslims remember their poor brothers on this occasion and include them in their happiness.

 


It is reported on the authority of Hadrat Anas (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) that when Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) came to Madina Shareef, the people of Madina would celebrate two festivals. They were asked what these days were and they replied, “We used to celebrate on these days in the days of ignorance.” Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Allah Ta’ala has granted you two better days than these days; Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha.”

Regarding Eid-ul-Fitr, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said, “When the month of Ramadaan is over, and the night of Eid-ul-Fitr has arrived, that night is called the Night of Prize. Then, in the early morning of Eid-ul-Fitr Allah Ta’ala will send His angels forth to visit all the towns and cities on the earth below. Once they have made their descent, they will position themselves at the entrances to all the streets and alleys. There, in a voice that is audible to every being created by Allah Ta’ala, apart from the jinn and humankind, they will issue a proclamation saying, “O Community of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), come forth into the presence of a Noble and Generous Lord, who will grant you gifts in abundance and forgive your terrible sin!” Then when the believers have emerged and presented themselves at their place of prayer, Allah Ta’ala will say to His angels, “O My angels, what is the recompense of the hired labourer, once he has done his job?” The angels will reply, “Our Lord and our Master, You will pay him his wages in full!” So Allah Ta’ala will say, “I now call upon you to bear witness, O My angels, that I have conferred My acceptance and My forgiveness as the reward for their fasting and night vigil during the month of Ramadaan.” Allah Ta’ala will then say, “O My servants put your requests to Me now, for this I swear by My Might and My Majesty, you will not ask Me this day, in this gathering of yours for anything connected with your life hereafter, without My granting it to you; nor for anything connected with your life in this lower world, without My attending to your need. By My Might and My Majesty, I will not put you to shame, nor will I expose you to disgrace amongst those who are faithfully committed to observing the laws (of Shariah). Now you may depart, knowing that you have been forgiven. You have won My approval, and I am well pleased with you.”” [Ghunyalit Taalibi Tareeqal Haq, Vol. 3]

SubHanALLAH! How Merciful is our Rabb, even though we are such wretched sinners.

 


Before the advent of Eid-ul-Fitr we need to ask ourselves, “Have we reflected on whether we have respected and honoured the month of Ramadaan as it should be respected and honoured? Have we worshipped in it as we should have?” The final night of Ramadaan is the night for collecting the rewards for all the goodness that was done throughout the month. If we are neglectful of Allah Ta’ala on this night, then our efforts of the whole month might be ruined and will go to waste. Therefore, read the following Hadith and try to spend the last night of Ramadaan remembering Allah Ta’ala and evaluating the deeds that have been performed during the month.

The excellence of remembering Allah Ta’ala on this night is reported in a Hadith in which Hadrat Abu Amamah (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) narrates that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “The hearts of the people who stand in prayers on the night of Eid will not die on the day when all hearts will die.” In another narration, Hazrat Mu’az bin Jabal (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has stated, “Paradise is compulsory (Wajib) for one who stays up and worships on five nights – the nights of the 8th, 9th and 10th of Zul Hijjah, the night of Eid-ul-Fitr, and the 15th night of Shabaan.” We can therefore understand the significance of the night of Eid from these Ahadith and we should try as much as possible to busy ourselves in the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala, even if it is for a portion of the night.

 


If we study the lives of the Companions and our pious predecessors we will see that even though they used to worship extensively in the month of Ramadaan, they would still feel regret and sorrow on the day of Eid. They were constantly worried about the fact of whether or not they had fulfilled the rights of Ramadaan, just as it is reported about Hazrat Umar (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) that on the day of Eid, he sat in a corner and cried so much that his blessed beard became soaked. When people asked the reason for this, he replied, “How can a person who does not know if his fasts have been accepted celebrate Eid?” That Hazrat Umar (Radiallahu Ta’ala ‘Anh) about whom Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said that his good deeds are equivalent to the number of stars in the sky, is crying upon reflecting as to whether his fasts have been accepted or not, whether he has obeyed the orders of Almighty Allah properly and if Allah Ta’ala is pleased with them. Allahu Akbar! And yet sinners like us are absolutely carefree and cannot wait to engage ourselves into sin again!

It was on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr that a man once entered the presence of Hadrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) and found him eating coarse brown bread. “Today is the day of Eid, yet here you are, eating coarse brown bread!” the man exclaimed. So Hadrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) replied to the visitor, saying, “Today is the day of Eid for someone whose fast has been accepted, whose effort has been deemed worthy, and whose sin has been forgiven. Today is Eid for us, and tomorrow is Eid for us. Every day in which we do not disobey Allah Ta’ala is an Eid for us.”

 


Commenting on this incident, Sayyiduna Ghawth al-Aa’zam Hazrat Shaykh Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) says that it is therefore important for every intelligent person to stop focusing on the external aspect, and not to let it capture his attention. His perspective on the day of Eid should be from the standpoint of contemplation and reflection.

Eid-ul-Fitr is not all about dressing up in fine new clothes, eating delicious treats and pursuing carnal pleasures and delights. In its outward celebration Eid-ul-Fitr is actually meant to symbolize the acceptance of acts of worshipful obedience; the remission of sins and mistakes; the conversion of bad deeds into good deeds; the glad tidings of promotion to higher spiritual degrees and the conferring of robes of honour, gifts and gracious favours. Eid should be celebrated, but together with celebrating it, Allah Ta’ala should also be remembered. Whether there is happiness or sadness, He should never be forgotten; just as Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said, “The people who will be called towards Paradise first on the Day of Judgment are those who praised Allah Ta’ala during happiness and sadness.”

 


..:: The Blessed Sunnah to be Followed on Eid Day ::..
 

Lastly, on this joyous occasion we should try as much as possible to follow the beautiful Sunnah of our Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Some of the Sunnahs are listed below, and what better way could we spend our day of Eid, than following in the footsteps of our Beloved Aaqa (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam):

  • Cut the hair
  • Trim the nails
  • Have a bath (Ghusl)
  • Use a Miswaak
  • Wear nice clothes – if you have new clothes then wear new, otherwise nice clean clothes.
  • Wear an Amaama
  • Put on Itr (perfume without Alcohol)
  • Put Surma (Kohl)
  • Perform the morning prayer in the local Masjid
  • Go to the Eid Gah early
  • Pay the Sadqa-e-Fitr before the Eid Salaah
  • Walk to the Eid Gah and take a different route on the way back home.
  • Eat some dates before leaving home for the Eid Salaah (3, 5 or any amount that is an odd number). If there are no dates available, then you should eat anything sweet.
  • Express happiness, give lots of charity, go to the Eid Gah calmly, relaxed and dignified, with the gaze lowered.

May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Taufeeq and Hidayat to celebrate Eid the way His pious servants celebrated it, and the Taufeeq to always stay away from sins, but especially during this Mubarak Day… Aameen!!

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | August 30, 2011

Eid Mubarak


  

Assalamu alaikum everybody,

Eid Mubarak to all of you and your families. May Allah accept our worship this past Ramadaan and make us witness the next Ramadaan inshallah! Allahuma Ameen!

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | August 29, 2011

Excellence of Eidain and Method of Performing the Eid Prayer‏


I. Hadrat Anas reported that when the Holy Prophet came to Madinah, the people had two days in which they used to entertain and amuse themselves. He asked: “What are these two days?” They said: “We used to amuse ourselves and take pleasure in these two days during the Days of Ignorance (jahiliyyah). The Messenger of Allah said, “Allah has substituted for you something better than these two; the Eid of Adha (sacrifice) and the Eid of Fitr . [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Prayer, Vol 1, Page 162]

II. Hadrat Abu al-Huwairith reported that the Messenger of Allah wrote to Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Hazm, when he was in Najran, asking him to observe the prayer early on the Eid of Adha (sacrifice) and late on the Eid of Fitr, and to admonish the people. [Mishkaat - Book on Prayer, Vol 1, Page 127]

III. Hadrat Jabir ibn Samurah reported, “I prayed with the Messenger of Allah the two Eid prayers more than once or twice, without an Adhan or Iqamah.” [Sahih Muslim - Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 290]

IV. Hadrat Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah did not go (to the place of prayer) in the morning on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr till he ate some dates, and he used to eat an odd number. [Sahih Bukhari - Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 130]

V. Hadrat Buraidah reported that the Holy Prophet did not go out on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr till he had eaten some food; and that he did not eat any food on the day of Eid-ul-Adha (sacrifice) till he had prayed. [Sunan Tirmidhi - Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 120]

VI. Hadrat Jabir reported that on the day of Eid the Holy Prophet used to return by a different route from the one he had taken when going out. [Sahih Bukhari - Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 134]

Important Notes:

1. To greet, embrace and shake hands with one another, after the Eidain prayer is an act of reward; and which is also a means of increasing love and affection between Muslims and a way of expressing ones joy and happiness.

2. It is not permissible for females to perform the Eidain prayers, as there shall be mixing between the men and the women in the Eidgah (place where the Eid prayer is performed). This is why it is not permissible for females to go to the Masajid to perform salaah with congregation; whether they go in day or at night; whether for Jum’ah or for Eidain; whether they are old or young. [This has been stated in Tanwir al-Absar and al-Durr al-Mukhtar Page 114]

Yes, however, before Zawal women can perform the 2 or 4 rak’ats Chasht (Salatud Duha) prayer at home, after the Eidain prayer has finished. [Bahar-e-Shari’at – Vol. 1, Chapter 4, Page 94]

3. If only the women have their own congregation for salaah, then this is also not permissible, as the congregation held by women between themselves (to perform salaah) is not allowed, in fact it is strictly disliked (Makruh-e-Tehrimi). [This has been stated in Fatawa-e-’Alamgiri Vol. 1 Page 80, also in al-Durr al-Mukhtar Page 77]

4. Even if women pray the Eidain prayer on their own, then this is also not permissible as it is a condition to establish the Eidain prayer that it is performed with a congregation. Yes! Women should pray the nafl (supererogatory) salaah on that day; at home, on their own. Insha’Allah they shall receive the blessings and rewards of that day.

Method for performing the Eid Prayer
The method is to make intention for Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ud-Duha for two Rakats Wajib and then lift your hands up to your ears and say ‘Allahu Akbar’ and then fold them below the navel as normal.

Now pray ‘Sana’ and then say Allahu Akbar and lift your hands up to your ears and release them and again lift your hands and say Allahu Akbar and release them again and then lift your hands again and say Allahu Akbar and then fold them.

This means fold your hands after the first and fourth Takbeer and in the second and third Takbeers release your hands. The best way to remember is that if the Imam shall recite after the Takbeer then fold your hands and when he shall not recite (after a Takbeer) release your hands and hang them on the side.

After folding your hands after the fourth Takbeer the Imam will silently recite ‘A’udhubillah’ and ‘Bismillah’ and then he will pray Surah al-Fatiha (‘Alhamd Sharif’) and a Surat loudly and then go into Ruku and Sijdah and (thus,) complete one Rak’at (unit).

Then in the second Rak’at the Imam will first pray the Alhamdu and a Surat then lift your hands to your ears and say Allahu Akbar and release them; and do not fold them and repeat this twice. Therefore a total of three times the Takbeer shall be said. On the fourth time say Allahu Akbar and without lifting your hands go into Ruku.

This therefore means that in the Eid prayer there are six extra Takbeers; three before Qira’at (recitation) and after Takbeer-e-Tahrima in the first Rak’at and three after Qira’at in the second Rakat and before the Takbeer for Ruku.

Also in all the extra Takbeers you must lift your hands and between two Takbeers a gap of three Tasbeehs should be made and it is Mustahab in the Eid prayer to recite after Alhamdu, ‘Surah al-Jumu’ah’ in the first Rak’at and ‘Surah al-Munafiqun’ in the second or in the first pray ‘Sabbih Isma Rabbik al-A’la’ and in the second ‘Hal Ataaka Hadeethul Ghasihiyah’. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar Pages 113-114, Bahar-e-Shari’at]

Method of performing the Eid prayer has been taken from the English version of the book “Qanoon-e-Shari’at”, by ‘Allama Shamsul ‘Ulama Shamsuddin Ahmed al-Radawi, the student of Sadr al-Shari’ah, Allama Mufti Amjad ‘Ali al-‘A’azmi.

..:: EID al-Fitr [1432H | 2011] Mubarak!! ::..

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | August 28, 2011

Shaykh Usama al-Rifa`i In Hospital


Shaykh Usama al-Rifa`i is one of the most prominent senior scholars of Damascus and the son of the late Shaykh `Abd al-Karim al-Rifa`i rahimahullah.


UPDATE::
Shaykh Usama al-Rifa`i, over 80 years old & one of the leading scholars of Damascus was assaulted and beaten up at his mosque by the Syrian security forces. He is now hospitalized.

Footage Of  The Shaykh In Hospital:

Posted by: Seeker of the Sacred Knowledge | August 28, 2011

Important Notes regarding Sadaqat al-Fitr‏


I. Hadrat ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, young or old, the payment of one Sa’ of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. The Messenger of Allah commanded that this sadaqah be paid before one goes to perform the Eid prayer.” [Sahih Bukhari - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 204]

II. Hadrat Hasan said: Hadrat Ibn Abbas preached the people towards the end of Ramadan, standing on the pulpit (in the mosque) of al-Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah relating to your fast.” The people, as it were, could not understand. “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Stand for your brethren, and teach them, for they do not know” said Hadrat ibn ‘Abbas. He further added: “The Messenger of Allah prescribed this sadaqah as one sa’ of dried dates or barley, or half a sa’ of wheat payable by every freeman or slave, male or female, young or old.” When Hadrat Ali came (to Basrah), he found that the price had come down. He said: “Allah has given prosperity to you, so give one sa’ of everything (as sadaqah).” [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, page 229]

III. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn Tha’laba or Tha’laba ibn ‘Abdullah (narrator cannot recall exactly what the name was) ibn Abu Saghir, who narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah said, “One sa’ of wheat is enough from every two; young or old; freeman or slave; male or female. Those of you who are rich will be purified by Allah, and those of you who are poor will have more than they gave returned by Him to them.” [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 228]

IV. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah prescribed Sadqatul Fitr, so that the fasts (kept throughout the month of Ramadan) may be purified from any falsehood, wrongdoing or evil talk, and (at the same time) it shall assist to feed the poor and the needy. [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 227]

V. Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Shu’aib reports from his father, who reports from his grandfather that the Holy Prophet sent a person that he calls out loud in the streets of Makkah al-Mukarramah that Sadaqat ul Fitr is Wajib (necessary) upon every muslim male or female; freeman or a slave; young or old. [Sunan Tirmidhi - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 146]

Important Notes:

1. Sadaqa-e-Fitr is Wajib upon such a person who owns assets, which equal the value of the Nisab. Such individuals should give Sadaqa-e-Fitr on their behalf and on behalf of their children, if they do not own assets equal to the value of Nisab. Yes, however, if the children do own assets which are equal to or more than the Nisab limit, then the Sadaqa-e-Fitr shall be given from their own wealth. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Bahar-e-Shari’at]

2. The owner of Nisab in the ruling as regards Sadaqa-e-Fitr is such a person who has 7 ½ Tola gold (93 grammes 312 milligrammes,) or 52 ½ Tola silver (653 grammes 184 milligrammes), or their equivalent value in money or any other form of asset. Or, one owns business or non-business stock equivalent to that value, and these goods are additional to the basic necessities of living (Hajat-e-Asliyyah).

3. For the Sadaqa-e-Fitr to become Wajib it is not necessary that one has fasted. Therefore, if anyone did not fast due to any excuse valid in the eyes of the Islamic Law; such as one is a musafir (travelling to a destination which is at a distance of approximately 57 ½ miles or 92 kilometres), or is ill such that his illness shall become worse if he fasts, or because of weakness caused by old age, or – Allah forbid! – one did not keep the fasts due to any non-valid reason, then the Sadaqa-e-Fitr is still Wajib upon the person. [Radd al-Muhtar – Vol. 2 Page 76 and Bahar-e-Shari’at]

4. If the father is so poor (that he cannot give his own Sadaqa-e-Fitr let alone on behalf of his children,) or has passed away, then it is Wajib on the grandfather to give Sadaqa-e-Fitr on behalf of his grandchildren. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

5. If one wants to give anything besides wheat, barley, dates or raisins; for example, rice, millet or any other linseed, then the price of 1 sa’ of wheat or ½ sa’ of barley should be taken into consideration.

6. In terms of weight, one Sa’ is four pounds, six and a half ounces (4lb 6.5 oz) and half a Sa’ is two pounds, three and a quarter ounces (2lb 3.25 oz).

7. It is Mustahab (act of great reward) to give the Sadaqa-e-Fitr on the morning of Eid day (after the beginning time for Fajr), before going to the Eidgah to perform the Eid prayer. [Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri – Vol. 1, Page 180]

8. It is permissible to give Sadaqa-e-Fitr prior to the month of Ramadan or in Ramadan before the day of Eid. [Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri – Vol. 1 Page 179 and al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

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